New Republic 2014(2).pptx - NEW REPUBLIC I A B C Executive Branch Defining the Presidency Economic Policy National Bank Federalists

New Republic 2014(2).pptx - NEW REPUBLIC I A B C Executive...

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NEW REPUBLIC I. Executive BranchA.Defining the PresidencyB.Economic PolicyC.National BankII. Judicial BranchD.Establishment of the Supreme CourtE.Judicial ReviewF.Federal SupremacyG.Property RightsFederalistsDemocratic-RepublicansJudiciary Act 1789John JayJohn MarshallMarbury v. MadisonMcCulloch v. MarylandDartmouth College v. Woodward
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DEFINING THE PRESIDENCY Washington unanimously chosen as president by the Electoral College in 1789 Washington was chosen because of the fear of a strong president Washington’s reputation and actions during the Revolution reassured the peopleCongress established first cabinet of four departmentssecretary of state (Thomas Jefferson)secretary of the treasury (Alexander Hamilton)secretary of war (Henry Knox)attorney-general (Edmund Randolph)Washington suggested few laws, rarely spoke against opponents of government policy, and generally limited his statements to matters of foreign relations and military affairs Washington deferred to Congress on domestic affairs and only used the veto twice in eight-year tenureRetired after two terms – setting a precedent that held until Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1940
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NEW REPUBLIC I. Executive BranchA.Defining the PresidencyB.Economic PolicyC.National BankII. Judicial BranchD.Establishment of the Supreme CourtE.Judicial ReviewF.Federal SupremacyG.Property RightsFederalistsDemocratic-RepublicansJudiciary Act 1789John JayJohn MarshallMarbury v. MadisonMcCulloch v. MarylandDartmouth College v. Woodward
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ALEXANDER HAMILTON’S ECONOMIC PLAN“Industries in their infancy” need protection (ie trade protectionism = high tariffs)Public investment in infrastructure (like canals)
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