workstation-pro-14-user-guide.pdf - Using VMware Workstation Pro Modified on 21 DEC 2017 VMware Workstation Pro 14.0 Using VMware Workstation Pro You

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Unformatted text preview: Using VMware Workstation Pro Modified on 21 DEC 2017 VMware Workstation Pro 14.0 Using VMware Workstation Pro You can find the most up-to-date technical documentation on the VMware website at: If you have comments about this documentation, submit your feedback to [email protected] VMware, Inc. 3401 Hillview Ave. Palo Alto, CA 94304 Copyright © 2017 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved. Copyright and trademark information. VMware, Inc. 2 Contents Using VMware Workstation Pro 7 1 Introduction and System Requirements 8 Host System Requirements for Workstation Pro Virtual Machine Features and Specifications 8 11 2 Installing and Using Workstation Pro 16 Obtaining the Workstation Pro Software and License Key Installing Workstation Pro with Other VMware Products 16 17 Reinstalling Workstation Pro When Upgrading a Windows Host Operating System Installing the Integrated Virtual Debuggers for Eclipse Installing Workstation Pro 18 18 Upgrading Workstation Pro 24 Uninstalling Workstation Pro Start Workstation Pro 17 30 31 Using the Workstation Pro Window 31 Using the Workstation Pro Online Help 37 3 Creating Virtual Machines 38 Understanding Virtual Machines 38 Preparing to Create a New Virtual Machine 39 Create a New Virtual Machine on the Local Host Cloning Virtual Machines 56 Virtualize a Physical Machine Importing Virtual Machines 59 61 Installing and Upgrading VMware Tools Virtual Machine Files 50 64 76 4 Using Virtual Machines 79 Scan for Virtual Machines to Add to the Virtual Machine Library Starting Virtual Machines 81 Stopping Virtual Machines 85 Transferring Files and Text 90 Add a Host Printer to a Virtual Machine 101 Using Removable Devices in Virtual Machines Changing the Virtual Machine Display Taking Snapshots of Virtual Machines 102 109 Using Folders to Manage Virtual Machines VMware, Inc. 79 116 119 3 Using VMware Workstation Pro Install New Software in a Virtual Machine Take a Screenshot of a Virtual Machine Delete a Virtual Machine 127 128 129 5 Configuring and Managing Virtual Machines 130 Configure Power Options and Power Control Settings Set Workstation Pro Display Preferences 132 Configure Display Settings for a Virtual Machine Set Preferences for Unity Mode Setting Screen Color Depth 133 136 137 Using Advanced Linux Sound Architecture 137 Encrypting and Restricting Virtual Machines Moving Virtual Machines 130 139 144 Configure a Virtual Machine as a VNC Server 150 Change the Hardware Compatibility of a Virtual Machine Clean Up a Virtual Hard Disk on Windows Hosts Export a Virtual Machine to OVF Format 153 155 156 Writing and Debugging Applications That Run In Virtual Machines 157 6 VMware Workstation Server Log Files 159 7 Configuring and Managing Devices 160 Configuring DVD, CD-ROM, and Floppy Drives Configuring a USB Controller 162 Configuring and Maintaining Virtual Hard Disks Adding a Physical Disk to a Virtual Machine Configuring Virtual Ports 160 165 173 175 Configuring Generic SCSI Devices 181 Configuring Virtual Trusted Platform Module Devices 183 Configuring Sixteen-Way Virtual Symmetric Multiprocessing Configuring Keyboard Features 185 186 Modify Hardware Settings for a Virtual Machine 196 8 Configuring Network Connections 197 Understanding Virtual Networking Components 197 Understanding Common Networking Configurations Changing the Default Networking Configuration Configuring Bridged Networking 199 204 Configuring Network Address Translation Configuring Host-Only Networking 198 207 218 Assigning IP Addresses in Host-Only Networks and NAT Configurations Configuring LAN Segments VMware, Inc. 225 229 4 Using VMware Workstation Pro Configuring Samba for Workstation Pro 231 Using Virtual Network Adapters in Promiscuous Mode on Linux Hosts Maintaining and Changing MAC Addresses for Virtual Machines Sample Custom Networking Configuration 232 233 234 9 Using Remote Connections and Sharing Virtual Machines 237 Understanding VMware Workstation Server Connect to a Remote Server 237 240 Disconnect from a Remote Server 243 Creating and Managing Shared Virtual Machines Uploading Virtual Machines to Remote Servers 243 247 Download a Virtual Machine from a Remote Server Create a Virtual Machine on a Remote Host 248 248 Manage Virtual Machine Power Actions on Shared and Remote Hosts Using Roles to Assign Privileges 250 251 Using Permissions to Restrict Users 255 10 Changing Workstation Pro Preference Settings 259 Configuring Workspace Preference Settings Configuring Input Preference Settings Changing Hot-Key Combinations 259 263 265 Configuring Workstation Pro Display Preference Settings Configuring Software Update Preference Settings 265 267 Join or Leave the Customer Experience Improvement Program Changing Shared Virtual Machine Preference Settings Configuring Workstation Pro Memory Preference Settings Configuring Workstation Pro Priority Preference Settings Configuring Device Settings for Windows Hosts 269 270 271 272 273 11 Configuring Virtual Machine Option Settings 275 Configuring General Option Settings for a Virtual Machine Configuring Power Settings for a Virtual Machine 275 277 Configuring Snapshot Options for a Virtual Machine 279 Configuring AutoProtect Options for a Virtual Machine 280 Configuring Guest Isolation Options for a Virtual Machine 281 Configuring Tablet Sensor Input Options for a Virtual Machine Configuring VMware Tools Options for a Virtual Machine Configuring a Virtual Machine as a VNC Server Configuring Unity Mode for a Virtual Machine 284 285 285 Configuring Advanced Options for a Virtual Machine VMware, Inc. 283 283 Configuring Appliance Details for a Virtual Machine Configuring Autologin for a Virtual Machine 282 286 5 Using VMware Workstation Pro 12 Configuring Virtual Machine Hardware Settings 291 Adding Hardware to a Virtual Machine 291 Removing Hardware from a Virtual Machine Adjusting Virtual Machine Memory 293 293 Configuring Virtual Machine Processor Settings 294 Configuring and Maintaining Virtual Hard Disks Configuring CD-ROM and DVD Drive Settings Configuring Floppy Drive Settings 299 Configuring Virtual Network Adapter Settings Configuring USB Controller Settings 305 Configuring Parallel Port Settings 305 306 Configuring Generic SCSI Device Settings Configuring Printer Settings 300 304 Configuring Sound Card Settings Configuring Serial Port Settings 295 297 306 307 Configuring Display Settings 307 Installing a Guest Operating System on a Physical Disk or Unused Partition 308 13 Using the Virtual Network Editor 310 Add a Bridged Virtual Network 310 Add a Host-Only Virtual Network Rename a Virtual Network 312 313 Change Automatic Bridging Settings Change NAT Settings 313 314 Change DHCP Settings on a Windows Host 316 14 Running the Support Script 317 Register and Create a Support Request 317 Run the Support Script from Workstation Pro 318 Run the Support Script from a Windows Command Prompt Run the Support Script from a Linux Terminal Window 318 319 15 Using the vmware Command 320 Run the vmware Command 320 Incorporate Workstation Pro Startup Options in a Windows Shortcut VMware, Inc. 321 6 Using VMware Workstation Pro Using VMware Workstation Pro describes how to use VMware Workstation Pro™ to create, configure, and manage virtual machines. Intended Audience This information is intended for anyone who wants to install, upgrade, or use Workstation Pro. The information is written for experienced Windows or Linux system administrators who are familiar with virtual machine technology and datacenter operations. VMware, Inc. 7 Introduction and System Requirements 1 Host computers that run Workstation Pro must meet specific hardware and software requirements. Virtual machines that run in Workstation Pro support specific devices and provide certain features. This chapter includes the following topics: n Host System Requirements for Workstation Pro n Virtual Machine Features and Specifications Host System Requirements for Workstation Pro The physical computer on which you install Workstation Pro is called the host system and its operating system is called the host operating system. To run Workstation Pro, the host system and the host operating system must meet specific hardware and software requirements. Processor Requirements for Host Systems You must install Workstation Pro on a host system that meets certain processor requirements. Supported Processors The following host systems are supported. n n Systems using processors launched in 2011 or later except for systems using the following processors. n Intel Atom processors based on the 2011 Bonnell micro-architecture. For example, Atom Z670/Z650 and Atom N570. n Intel Atom processors based on the 2012 Saltwell micro-architecture. For example, Atom Atom S1200, Atom D2700/D2500, and Atom N2800/N2600. n AMD processors based on the Llano and Bobcat micro-architectures. Systems using the following processors. n Intel processors based on the 2010 Westmere micro-architecture. For example, Xeon 5600, Xeon 3600, Core i7-970, Core i7-980, and Core i7-990. VMware, Inc. 8 Using VMware Workstation Pro Processor Requirements for 64-Bit Guest Operating Systems For supported processors to run 64-bit guest operating systems, the host system must use one of the following processors. n An AMD CPU with AMD-V support n An Intel CPU with VT-x support If you have an Intel CPU that has VT-x support, you must verify that VT-x support is enabled in the host system BIOS. The BIOS settings that must be enabled for VT-x support vary depending on the system vendor. See the VMware knowledge base article at for information about how to determine if VT-x support is enabled. When you install a 64-bit operating system, Workstation Pro performs checks to make sure the host system has a supported processor. You cannot install a 64-bit operating system if the host system does not meet the processor requirements. Supported Host Operating Systems You can install Workstation Pro on Windows and Linux host operating systems. To see a list of the supported host operating systems, search the online VMware Compatibility Guide on the VMware Web site. Memory Requirements for Host Systems The host system must have enough memory to run the host operating system, the guest operating systems that run inside the virtual machines on the host system, and the applications that run in the host and guest operating systems. The minimum memory required on the host system is 2 GB. 4 GB and above is recommended. To support Windows 7 Aero graphics in a virtual machine, at least 3 GB of host system memory is required. 1 GB of memory is allocated to the guest operating system and 256 MB is allocated to graphics memory. See your guest operating system and application documentation for more information on memory requirements. Display Requirements for Host Systems The host system must have a 16-bit or 32-bit display adapter. Use the latest graphics driver recommended for the host system. To support Windows 7 Aero graphics, the host system should have either an NVIDIA GeForce 8800GT or later or an ATI Radeon HD 2600 or later graphics processor. Important 3D benchmarks, such as 3DMark '06, might not render correctly or at all when running Windows Vista or Windows 7 virtual machines on some graphics hardware. VMware, Inc. 9 Using VMware Workstation Pro Disk Drive Requirements for Host Systems Host systems must meet certain disk drive requirements. Guest operating systems can reside on physical disk partitions or in virtual disk files. Table 1‑1. Disk Drive Requirements for Host Systems Drive Type Requirements Hard disk n IDE, SATA, SCSI and NVMe hard drives are supported. n At least 1 GB free disk space is recommended for each guest operating system and the application software used with it. If you use a default setup, the actual disk space needs are approximately the same as those for installing and running the guest operating system and applications on a physical computer. n For basic installation, 1.5 GB free disk space is required on Windows and Linux. You can delete the installer after the installation is complete to reclaim disk space. n IDE, SATA, and SCSI optical drives are supported. n CD-ROM and DVD drives are supported. n ISO disk image files are supported. Optical CD-ROM and DVD Floppy Virtual machines can connect to disk drives on the host computer. Floppy disk image files are also supported. Solid-State Drives If your host machine has a physical solid-state drive (SSD), the host informs guest operating systems they are running on an SSD. This allows the guest operating systems to optimize behavior. How the virtual machines recognize SSD and use this information depends on the guest operating system and the disk type of the virtual disk (SCSI, SATA, IDE, or NVMe). n On Windows 8, Windows 10, Ubuntu, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux virtual machines, all drive types can report their virtual disks as SSD drives. Note n n NVMe virtual hard disks are natively supported for Windows 8.1 and later. n To create a new a virtual machine with a Windows 7 or Windows 2008 R2 guest operating system using NVMe as the virtual hard disk, apply the appropriate Windows hot fix. See . n Several Linux operating systems support NVMe while others do not. Check with the operating system vendor. On Windows 7 virtual machines, only IDE and SATA virtual disks can report their virtual disks as SSD. SCSI virtual disks only report as SSD when used as a system drive in a virtual machine, or as a mechanical drive when used as a data drive inside a virtual machine. Use the virtual machine operating system to verify your virtual machine is using SSD as its virtual disk. VMware, Inc. 10 Using VMware Workstation Pro Local Area Networking Requirements for Host Systems You can use any Ethernet controller that the host operating system supports. Non-Ethernet networks are supported by using built-in network address translation (NAT) or by using a combination of host-only networking and routing software on the host operating system. ALSA Requirements To use ALSA in a virtual machine, the host system must meet certain requirements. n The ALSA library version on the host system must be version 1.0.16 or later. n The sound card on the host system must support ALSA. The ALSA project Web site maintains a current listing of sound cards and chipsets that support ALSA. n The sound device on the host system must not be muted. n The current user must have the appropriate permissions to use the sound device. Virtual Machine Features and Specifications Workstation Pro virtual machines support specific devices and provide certain features. Supported Guest Operating Systems A guest operating system can be Windows, Linux, and other commonly used operating systems. For the most recent list of guest operating systems that VMware products support, see the VMware Compatibility Guide site: . For instructions about how to install the most common guest operating systems, see the VMware Guest Operating System Installation Guide: . Virtual Machine Processor Support Virtual machines support certain processor features. n The same as the processor on the host computer. n One virtual processor on a host system that has one or more logical processors. n Up to 16 virtual processors (sixteen-way virtual symmetric multiprocessing, or Virtual SMP) on a host system that has at least 2 logical processors. Note Workstation Pro considers multiprocessor hosts that have 2 or more physical CPUs, singleprocessor hosts that have a multicore CPU, and single-processor hosts that have hyperthreading enabled, to have two logical processors. VMware, Inc. 11 Using VMware Workstation Pro Virtual Machine Chip Set and BIOS Support Virtual machines support certain virtual machine chip set and BIOS features. n Intel 440BX-based motherboard n NS338 SIO chip set n 82093AA I/O Advanced Programmable Controller (I/O APIC) n Phoenix BIOS 4.0 Release 6 with VESA BIOS Virtual Machine Memory Allocation The total amount of memory that you can assign to all virtual machines running on a single host system is limited only by the amount of RAM on the host. The maximum amount of memory for each virtual machine is 64GB. Virtual Machine Graphics and Keyboard Support Virtual machines support certain graphics features. n VGA and SVGA are supported. n 104-key Windows 95/98 enhanced keyboards are supported. n To use the GL_EXT_texture_compression_s3tc and GL_S3_s3tc Open Graphics Library (OpenGL) extensions in a Windows XP or Windows 7 or later guest operating system, you must install Microsoft DirectX End-User Runtime in the guest operating system. OpenGL is an API that is used to define 2D and 3D computer graphics. You can download Microsoft DirectX End-User Runtime from the Microsoft Download Center Web site. The VMware guest operating system OpenGL driver for Windows and Linux supports the OpenGL 3.3 core profile only. The OpenGL3.3 compatibility profile is not supported. Virtual Machine IDE Drive Support Virtual machines support certain IDE drives and features. n Up to four devices, including disk, CD-ROM, and DVD drives, are supported. n DVD drives can be used to read data DVD discs only. n DVD video is not supported. n Hard disks can be virtual disks or physical disks. n IDE virtual disks can be up to 8TB. n CD-ROM drives can be physical devices or ISO image files. VMware, Inc. 12 Using VMware Workstation Pro Virtual Machine SCSI Device Support Virtual machines support certain SCSI devices and features. n Up to 60 devices are supported. n SCSI virtual disks can be up to 8TB. n Hard disks can be virtual disks or physical disks. n With Generic SCSI support, you can use devices in a virtual machine without installing drivers in the host operating system. Generic SCSI support works with scanners, CD-ROM drives, DVD drives, tape drives, and other SCSI devices. n The LSI Logic LSI53C10xx Ultra320 SCSI I/O controller is supported. Virtual Machine Floppy Drive Support Virtual machines can have floppy drives. n Up to two 2.88MB floppy devices are supported. n Floppy drives can be physical drives or floppy image files. Virtual Machine Serial and Parallel Port Support Virtual machines support serial (COM) and parallel (LPT) ports. n Up to four serial (COM) ports are supported. Output can be sent to serial ports, Windows or Linux files, or named pipes. n Up to three bidirectional parallel (LPT) ports. Output can be sent to parallel ports or host operating system files. Virtual Machine USB Port Support Virtual machines can have USB ports and can support certain USB devices. n USB 1.1 UHCI (Universal Host Controller Interface) is supported for all virtual machine hardware versions. n USB 2.0 EHCI (Enhanced Host Controller Interface) controllers are supported if the virtual machine hardware is compatible with Workstation 6 and later virtual machines. n USB 3.0 xHCI (Extensible Host Controller Interface) support is available for Linux guests running kernel version 2.6.35 or later and for Windows 8 guests. The virtual machine hardware must be compatible with Workstation 8 and later virtual machines. n Support for USB 2.0 and 3.0 requires that you configure virtual machine settings to enable USB 2.0 and 3.0 support and that you have compatible guest operating systems and virtual machine hardware versions. VMware, Inc. 13 Using VMware Workstation Pro n Most USB devices are supported, including USB printers, scanners, PDAs, hard disk drives, memory card readers, and digital cameras. Streaming devices, such as webcams, speakers, and microphones, are also supported. Virtual Machine Mouse and Drawing Tablet Support Virtual machines support certain types of mice and drawing tablets. n PS/2 and USB mouse types are supported. n Serial tablets are supported. n USB tablets are supported. Virtual Machine Ethernet Card Support Virtual machines support certain types of Ethernet cards. n Up to 10 virtual Ethernet cards are supported. n The AMD PCnet-PCI II Ethernet Adapter is supported. For 64-bit guests, the I...
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