Lecture notes for final.pdf - Final Lecture Notes The U.S...

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Final Lecture Notes The U.S. goes to war - A week after the attack on pearl Harbor, the japanese attacked the philippines - General Douglas MacArthur - A war hero from WWI - In charge of the philippines - Received a coded message from FDR stating that he wanted to move the general and his family to safety - Took them to australia - General Wainwright - The one left in charge after MacArthur left the philippines - Colonel D. Eisenhower - He was the one in charge of the cross channel invasion - General George Marshall - FDR’s chief of staff - Decided with the president that they would be using 80 % of their troops in europe and 20% in the pacific - Island Hopping - May 1942 - The battle of coral sea - Off the coast of australia - The Japanese wanted to take over australia - The us decoded the message and sent out troops to the place - There was a draw - Neither side won or lost - June 1942 - The battle of midway - The U.S. sunk 4 aircraft carriers - 4800 men died - The U.S. also lost 1 carrier and 1 destroyer - 350 men died Northern Africa - The Italians were in control of the area in order to get the natural resources - Field Marshal Rommel - The Nazi Commander of all forces in northern africa - Field Marshal Montgomery - Commander of all british forces in NA - General George Patton - Commander of all US forces in North Africa - The U.S. used the Sherman Tanks - The Germans lost control
- Hitler sent Rommel to the northern coast just in case there is an offshore attack from GB - The U.S. took a whole year to take over the Italian country - Benito Mussolini was hiding in northern italy with his mistresses - Believed that he would have survived if he went to spain The Flame Thrower - Came with flamethrowers to japan in order to make japanese troops surrender - American soldiers would go into caves where japanese were hiding and would burn everything until they surrendered Relocation Camps - 120,000 japanese U.S. citizens were relocated into camps - They would also send all asian us soldiers to europe in order to not confuse other american troops in the pacific Big Three Conference - FDR: US - Churchill: GB - Joe Stalin: SU - Asked Churchill to invade germany through the north - Both FDR and Churchill said no Cross Channel Invasion to Northern France - U.S., british, australian, canadian and new zealand forces were there to help - Supreme Allied Commander Eisenhower - June 6 1944 - D-Day Albert Einstein - He went with fdr to a meeting in order to inform him of everything that the germans were building - Manhattan Project - The building of atom bombs - Chicago, new mexico, and another place(LOOK UP) - It cost around 3 Billion dollars to build the bomb Henry Wallace - The New VP of FDR 1944 - A plan made by german soldiers to kill hitler - Black Forest - A german colonel had a bomb in his briefcase and put it under the table - The table itself was the thing that saved his life - Hitler began a witch hunt looking for those involved - The five top colonels that were part of the assassination scheme were hanged with piano chords -

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