Overhead5PuritanNewEngland.doc - The New England Colonies I...

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The New England Colonies I. “A Citty Upon a Hill”: Puritan New England A. Massachusetts 1. Roots of New England Settlers’ Discontent King Henry VIII (Church of England) Definition of Puritan Problems with Church of England 2. Pilgrims (Separatists) Definition of Pilgrim Plymouth (1620) William Bradford Reliance on Native Americans 3. Settlement of Massachusetts Bay Colony (1630) Settled by Puritans John Winthrop “A Model of Christian Charity” Government Governor and General Court (legislature) Town Meetings/Meeting House Definition of Saints 4. Organization of Puritan Towns 5. The Puritan Migration 6. An Established Religion (Puritan Church) Congregationalism - churches ran own affairs Conversion Relation - to be a member of the church you had to give a sermon about your moment with God. Calvinism and the “Elect” (Predestination) - Predestination – the belief that God has already decided who is going to heaven and hell. Importance of Works - “Works” – good deeds - believed those of the elect would do good works. - important foundation of the colony. - Religion is a priority in Mass. - essential for boys and girls to read so they could read the bible.
-1642 – families to instruct children to read.

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