The New England ColoniesI. “A Citty Upon a Hill”: Puritan New EnglandA. Massachusetts 1. Roots of New England Settlers’ Discontent King Henry VIII (Church of England)Definition of PuritanProblems with Church of England2. Pilgrims (Separatists)Definition of Pilgrim Plymouth (1620)William BradfordReliance on Native Americans3. Settlement of Massachusetts Bay Colony (1630)Settled by PuritansJohn Winthrop“A Model of Christian Charity” Government Governor and General Court (legislature)Town Meetings/Meeting HouseDefinition of Saints4. Organization of Puritan Towns5. The Puritan Migration 6. An Established Religion (Puritan Church)Congregationalism-churches ran own affairsConversion Relation-to be a member of the church you had to give a sermon about your moment with God.Calvinism and the “Elect” (Predestination)-Predestination – the belief that God has already decided who is going to heaven and hell. Importance of Works- “Works” – good deeds- believed those of the elect would do good works.- important foundation of the colony. - Religion is a priority in Mass. - essential for boys and girls to read so they could read the bible.