Anthropology2

Anthropology2 - Anthropology - Culture Culture Everyone has...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–7. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Anthropology - Culture 19/09/2007 09:01:00 Culture Everyone has their own definition of culture So What? Cherry’s definition of culture: learned, shared, and transmitted It is how we do things, how we survive Let’s you share information without having to reinvent Culture is… Culture is Relative… Society vs. Culture Culture is a result of society Sociocultural System culture and sociology are inseparable
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Contemporary anthropologists view culture as: Culture is a shared way of life Transmitted within society Nature vs. Nurture Instincts: Closed instincts o Fixed (ex. Bird migration or building nests) Open instincts o Changeable (ex. Bird songs) Changed by environment (when birds are with other birds they  add variety to the songs) Do Humans have instincts? We do not have closed instincts We have open instincts o Phobias
Background image of page 2
Drives: Biological urges o Hunger o Thirst o Sex We are not programmed to how we satisfy these urges Basically Culture modifies our basic functional attributes to produce certain behaviors o Enculturation!!! Enculturation The way of learning culture Learning culture: Culture is  NOT  inherited Three different ways to learn o Situational learning Trial and error
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Social learning observe o Symbolic learning uniquely ours Symbolic The finger! o The meaning was passed on through generations Sharing culture ???? Male vs. female  Old vs. young Culture has several components Material o Objects o Things made and used in societies Non material o Values
Background image of page 4
Influence behaviors of groups Good vs. bad, pretty vs. ugly o Beliefs “true/false” assumptions more specific than values Norms o Social rules o Governs individual behavior o Classes of norms: Folkways: “that’s the way we do it” everyday behavior rules no specific reason for what is being done Mores: Viewed as critical for social functioning Very strong folkways Laws Worldview and Ideology
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Worldview: o General way of looking at reality shared by members of a society o Consistent o Ex. Scientific method Ideology: o Beliefs, values and norms combined to support worldview of specific  groups o Ex. Religion Ideal o What people think and say they do Real o What people actually do Anthropologists study both since they are often in conflict Cultural Universals: Some traits and behaviors appear to be shared by ALL people, everywhere. Ex. Status differentiation, inheritance rules, division of labor
Background image of page 6
Image of page 7
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 38

Anthropology2 - Anthropology - Culture Culture Everyone has...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 7. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online