Midterm Exam_sfty 409.docx - Explain and contrast the duties and responsibilities between ICAO FAA and the NTSB List some specific examples The

Midterm Exam_sfty 409.docx - Explain and contrast the...

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Explain and contrast the duties and responsibilities between ICAO, FAA and the NTSB. List some specific examples. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations and serves as the global forum for international civil aviation (Cusick, Cortes, & Rodrigues, 2017). The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is a U.S. government agency with primary responsibility for the safety of civil aviation (Cusick, et al., 2017). The National Transport Safety Board (NTSB) states its mission is to promote transportation safety (Cusick, et al., 2017). Simply put, the ICAO governs international aviation, recommends rulemaking for international aviation, and ensures procedure standardization in international aviation. The FAA is in charge of aviation, rulemaking, certification, safety standardization, security, and inspections of air carriers in the United States. The NTSB is a government safety body who investigates accidents or incidents and makes recommendation based on findings. They also maintain the national database on aviation accidents and incidents as well as safety studies. The NTSB is a non- governing body; which means they cannot enforce rulemaking, only recommend actions based on findings. Cusick, S. K., Cortes, A. I., & Rodrigues, C. C. (2017). Commercial Aviation Safety. (6 th ed.) New York, NY: Mcgraw-Hill Education. Explain, define and contrast the SHELL and 5M human factor models and their application in  aviation safety. SHELL stands for Software, Hardware, Environment, and Liveware. In the model, Liveware (or  human) is always in the center of the model and all other components are interacted with by the  Liveware. The model represents constant interaction with the human component based on the 
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