Assignment 1 week 4 confederation and constitution.docx - 1...

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1 Confederation and Constitution Susan Price Chamberlain College of Nursing Course Number: HIST405N Term: September, 2018
2 Confederation and Constitution The Constitution was prepared at the old Pennsylvania State House in Philadelphia in 1787 and approved by most of the States the following year. It has been regarded by many statesmen and scholars, as well as by common people, as one of the greatest works that has come from the mind of man. (A Brief Explanation of the Constitution of the U.S.) When the United States was formed, the leaders came up with the first successful effort of organizing and mobilizing the original thirteen colonies, a structure to pattern the government after. The Confederation was the first form of government in the United States after the Revolutionary War. This document was the Articles of Confederation. It satisfies the political needs after the Revolution, reflecting American distaste for the principles of British rule. The Articles of Confederation were an attempt to set up an effective government. It wanted the states to have the majority of the power. The Articles government was very weak, this was done on purpose because after finally gaining independence from Britain, they feared that a strong central government would lead to an empowerment of another monarchy. Under the Articles each State would have one vote in the house of Congress, no matter the size of the population. There wasn’t an independent executive power due to just having casted off a powerful central government with a king and Parliament. The states were afraid that be giving one person too much power, that person might become like a monarch. The articles abandoned the idea of a single unified executive to enforce the law. Congress’ responsibilities were conducting foreign affairs, declaring war and peace, maintaining an army, and a variety of other lesser functions. The Articles denied Congress the power to collect taxes, another power that the British abused, draft citizens for the military or create a common monetary system, regulate trade and amendment to
3 the articles required the consent of all the states. The lack of government caused the States to have disagreements because of the different opinions. The Articles of Confederation left the colonies too much freedom for cooperation. There was no national court system so disputes couldn’t be adequately be arbitrated. To pass a law or decision at least nine of thirteen states had to agree. (Keene, Cornell, O’Donnell, p. 126) States were afraid that a small group of states might become too powerful. Inflation was a problem for the new states. Many Americans began to worry that the new nation would not survive. (Rakove) In 1778-1788 the United States face the problem with expansion into the west. Settlers crossed

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