Shakespeare sonnets - Read and analyse the famous sonnets...

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Read and analyse the famous sonnets Example of how to present; Students of literature read and discuss - the talk lead by the host. What is a sonnet? A sonnet is is a poetic form consisting of 14 lines. And there are various ways to order the stanzas and the rhyme scheme, but the Shakespearean stanza - named for William, not because he invented it but, because you know he was the best at it - consists of three four line stanzas and a final rhyme couplet. So the rhyme scheme is A, B, A, B, C, D, C, D, E. F, E, F, G, G which means every two lines rhymes. As well as the two last lines rhyming which each other. (hänvisar till powerpointen). And the meter in Shakespeare’s sonnets, as in much of Shakespeare’s play, iambic pentameter, which means that every line has ten syllables, consisting of five iambs. Which is just a fancy word for pairs of unstressed and stressed syllables, so a line of a Shakespearean poem goes: duh-DUH duh-DUH duh-DUH duh-DUH duh-DUH. This turns out to do something to English speaking brains that is just very catchy. Like a lot of times pop songs are written in iambs. Like, a lot of times when we speak, we accidentally speak in them. But when I am trying to remember the sound of iambic pentameter, I just remember John Keats’s last will and testament, which was one line of iambic pentameter. “My chest of books divide among my friends.” (hänvisar till powerpointen). Can you tell me about the history of sonnets? So the sonnet got it’s start, like so many great things, in 13-century Italy. Dante Alighieri got into it, and then Michaelangelo. So the most famous early examples of sonnets were probably those by Petrarch. He used a different structure from Shakespeare and spent most of his time talking about a woman named Laura. Anyway, he barely knew Laura, but when did that stop men from romanticizing women. English sonnets started in the 16th-century and by the 1590’s there was a huge craze for them, kind of like the craze for boybands in the 1990’s. Except with less choreography and hairgel. This is more or less when Shakespeare started writing them. Dates for his sonnets are pretty inexact, but actually that is the least of our problems. I mean, we know almost nothing about the poems, except the sweet rhyme scheme. And that Shakespeare wrote them. And yes. We are sure that shakespeare wrote them. He also wrote all of his plays, although the earlier and later plays were probably collaborations. So Shakespeare wrote these sonnets, 154 of them, probably some time in the 1590’s, and early 1600’s. We don’t know if the speaker in the sonnets is Shakespeare himself or some imagined figure, although it is widely assumed that they are fairly personal, as were most sonnets. And we don’t know if these were all the sonnets he wrote. They are just the ones we have. And they might have been intended for an audience of everyone, or just for the people they are written for, or for an audience of no one. However, two of the sonnets showed up in a collection in 1599, so he definitely didn’t keep them too private. And a contemporary
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