NURS 6501N- 13 Advanced Pathophysiology: Week 1 Quiz 1. A 13-year-old girl has a karyotype that reveals an absent homologous X chromosome with only a single X chromosome present. What medical diagnosis will the nurse observe on the chart? Turner syndrome 2. A 20-year-old pregnant female gives birth to a stillborn child. Autopsy reveals that the fetus has 92 chromosomes. What term may be on the autopsy report to describe this condition? Tetraploidy 3.A nurse is teaching a patient with diabetes how glucose is transported from the blood to the cell. What type of transport system should the nurse discuss with the patient? Passive-mediated transport (facilitateddiffusion 4. A 15-year-old female is diagnosed with Prader-Willi syndrome. This condition is an example of: Gene imprinting 5. A runner has depleted all the oxygen available for muscle energy. Which of the following will facilitate his continued muscle performance? Anaerobic glycolysis 6.A patient who has diarrhea receives a hypertonic saline solution intravenously to replace the sodium and chloride lost in the stool. What effect will this fluid replacement have on cells? Cells will shrink 7.Which of the following mutations have the most significant effect on protein synthesis? Frameshift mutation 8.What causes the rapid change in the resting membrane potential that initiates an action potential? Sodiumgates open, and sodium rushes into the cell, changing the membrane potential from negative to positive 9. During childhood, the thymus decreases in size, and this is referred to as __Physiologic__ atrophy. 10. 55-year- old male has swelling of the feet. Which of the following aided in development of swelling? Na+ movement into the cell 11.A nurse is reviewing the pedigree chart. When checking for a proband, what is the nurse looking for? The person who is first diagnosed with a genetic disease 12. A 50-year-old male was recently diagnosed with Huntington disease. Transmission of this disease is associated with: Delayed age of onset 13.The ion transporter that moves Na+and Ca2+simultaneously in the same direction is an example of which of the following types of transport? Symport
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- Fall '17
- keisha lovence
- DNA, Turner syndrome, Caseous necrosis