MUSIC APPRECIATION EXAM 1 NOTES.docx - Exam 1 MUSIC...

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MUSIC APPRECIATIONELEMENTSPARTSOFMUSICoSoundoPerforming mediaoRhythmoMusic notationoMelodyoHarmonyoKeyoTextureoFormoStylePitch– highness or lowness of a soundTone– sound w/ definite pitchInterval– distance b/t two tones/notesOctave– first & last note of a scaleRange- distance b/t the lowest & highest tone/noteDYNAMICSDEGREESOFLOUDNESS& SOFTNESSOFMUSICPianissimo – very sofPiano – sofMezzopiano – moderately sofMezzoforte – moderately loudForte – loudFortissimo – very loudCrescendo – gradually louderDecrescendo – gradually soferTone color(timbre) creates interest, variety, & contrast to musicImprovisation – music created at the same time as it is performedVOICESWomenoSoprano - highestoMezzo-sopranooAlto – lowestMenoTenor - highestoBaritoneoBass – lowest18/22/2018-9/5/2018Exam 1 – 9/7/18
MUSICALINSTRUMENTSGroups (families)oStringsViolin, viola, cello, double bass (as the instrument gets larger the pitch gets lower)String techniques:Pizzicato – plucking the stringDouble stop – by drawing the bow across two strings, a player can sound two notes at onceVibrato – by rocking the lef hand while pressing the string down, this makes pulses that make the tone warmerMute – can muffle the tone by fitting a clamp (mute) onto the bridgeTremolo – going back and forth two notes quickly with up-and-down strokesHarmonics – very high-pitched tonesoWoodwindsPiccolo, flute, clarinet, oboe, English horn, bassoon, saxophone (most recent woodwind)Know how to play one instrument of the family – know all fingerings for the notesThe smaller the instrument, the higher the pitchCharacteristics:Single reed instruments – the reed is fastened over a hole in the mouthpiece &

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