WK04AssgnComalanderP.docx

WK04AssgnComalanderP.docx - ASTHMA AND STEPWISE MANAGEMENT...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 7 pages.

ASTHMA AND STEPWISE MANAGEMENT 1 Asthma and Stepwise Management Phillip Comalander Walden University NURS 6521 Week 4 Assignment
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

ASTHMA AND STEPWISE MANAGEMENT 2 Introduction Asthma can be defined as a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the airways of approximately 10% of the population in the United States (Galeone et al., 2018). This process can be triggered by allergens both natural and chemical in nature. The lower respiratory tract is usually affected with asthma. This includes the trachea, bronchi (left and right), and the bronchioles. With this disease, inflammation of the airways can lead to them being narrowed and plugged with increase mucus secretions. This plugging of the airways leads to constriction of smooth muscles to clear the secretions. All these processes cause the airways to narrow and become irritated, leading to breathing difficulty. Asthma can be defined as chronic, with occasional acute exacerbations that require prompt medical attention. In this paper, the pharmacological management of asthma will be discussed, along with a stepwise approach to managing the disease process.
Image of page 2
ASTHMA AND STEPWISE MANAGEMENT 3 Asthma and Stepwise Management In the acute phase of asthma, medications can be administered for appropriate relief of symptoms. These symptoms include tight, narrowed airways and usually is associated with coughing and wheezing. Anticholinergics, short-acting beta 2-agonist and inhaled corticosteroids can be administered during this event. When treating asthma, anticholinergics are rarely given as a monotherapy. These drugs are usually combined with a short-acting beta 2-agonist to provide the most complete therapy for the patient and relief of symptoms. This is especially important when dealing with adolescents and children. The process of administration of these medications is via an inhaler When inhaled, these medications help to relax and dilate the airways improving ventilation. One of the most commonly used bronchodilators on the market is Atrovent. When using Atrovent, the patient needs to be aware of possible side effects such as headache, mucus producing cough and the possibility of the patient’s urine becoming cloudy (Lavakumar et al., 2018). Although a possibility, these side effects usually resolve and there are no long-lasting issues if the medication is used for a short period. When it comes to providing the most effective
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 4
  • Fall '13
  • stepwise management

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern