Reading Summary Chapter 13: Soteriology: Ways and Goals of Salvation andLiberationThe word Soteriology is defined as the academic study of salvation. In this chapter of Anatomy of the SacredLivingston begins by explaining two very important concepts. The first, is the concept of assensus which Livingston explains as the faith that is of intellectual assent, and the second one is fiducia which is explained as the faith that is not intellectual assent alone but, rather, the total response of a person with their heart, mind and will. Fiducia is defined by Livingston as “a total confident reliance on divine grace, or unmerited love and dependence.” (289) I thought this was a very influential way to begin the chapter because in order to reach salvation in any faith, you must have fiducia to get there. This concept could well be universal as Livingston begins to demonstrate by using examples very different to one another such as Martin Luther and Buddhism in Japan.