Midterm study guide (2).docx - Case 1 Main ideas The states were all very separate and after the revolutionary war they had a hard time coming together

Midterm study guide (2).docx - Case 1 Main ideas The states...

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Case 1 Main ideas: The states were all very separate and after the revolutionary war they had a hard time coming together as the United States formed 14 different armies during the war (1 for each state), each state had their own laws and ways of doing things and they did not want to relinquish control of themselves to one central government Postwar problems o postwar national debt that congress couldn’t pay back because they couldn’t impose a federal tax to generate the revenue and led to inflation and an economic recession, reduced imports, and large trade imbalance o foreign gov’ts blocked exports and the states had no way of negotiating and congress could not impose taxes so the foreign countries played the states off each other to get the lowest price possible but this caused tension between states o interstate trade became difficult due to differing state currencies and interstate tariffs that put strains on state relations o individual debtors were hurt by either inflation or overly high debts o veterans sell their gov’t bonds that aren’t being paid because the gov’t doesn’t have the money at large discounts o Shay’s rebellion = MA people protesting creditors taking debtors land because the debtors never got paid by the gov’t for war services so it’s not their fault Madison’s Diagnosis = researched past republics and concluded that the US needed stronger central government (federal negative) to control the states or else the republic would fall because the people have too much power and the lower class is going to take over Enumerate – specified federal powers Bicameral legislation = two parts of congress (house and senate) – the house was chosen by the people to make sure they got a say (this was based on state size) and the senate was elected by politicians to make sure the people didn’t gain control and factions didn’t take over (senate had 2 representatives per state) What was significant about the state constitutions that were created prior to declaring independence from Britain? The states had authority over local taxes and many other duties, the only thing that wasn’t in control of the colonies was foreign policy and trade, which was controlled by Great Britain. What powers did the national government have under the Articles of Confederation? Drafted in the articles of confederation, the national congress was given the power to borrow, declare war, enter treaties and alliances, settle disputes between states, regulate weights and measures, and oversee a national postal system. Although the articles granted the states some power, the states still held most authority and the continental congress only really took control of what Great Britain used to have control of which was foreign policy.
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Why were the individual debtors particularly hurt by the postwar economic recession?
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