The Stranger and Double Consciousness Theories Evaluated.docx

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Stranger and Double Consciousness1The Stranger and Double Consciousness Theories Evaluated Shamia DemmonsAmerican Military University
Stranger and Double Consciousness2The StrangerGeorge Simmel’s notion of the stranger is unique. The sociological form of the “stranger”presents the unity of two characteristics. Simmel’s notion combines both nearness and remoteness. Interesting enough, both characteristics contradicts the other. Simmel explains that every human relation involves the unity of nearness and remoteness.Within his notion, Simmel reveals that the relationship between he (the stranger), and the group is merely spatial. He is fixed within a particular spatial group, or within a group whose boundaries are similar to spatial boundaries. But his position in this group is determined, essentially, by the fact that he has not belonged to it from the beginning, that he imports qualities into it, which do not and cannot stem from the group itself (Simmel 1). This means the stranger is not attached through strong social ties. The stranger is the wanderer. He comes today and stays for tomorrow. Although, he may not have strong ties to the social group, he does not move on. He has not overcome the freedom of coming and going.“When the stranger arrives, he is outside the system of social relationships and poses a setof problems for the existing order. The factors governing the processes whereby the group may be altered to include the newcomer, and some consequences of these changes, are analyzed in relation to the fundamental system of social integration, the local community pattern, and the particular circumstances and personalities involved” (McLemore 87).

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