Urbanization Essay.docx - 1 Jordan Stevens SOC-220 Mary Carlisle Urbanization The growth of populations has changed quite frequently over the years

Urbanization Essay.docx - 1 Jordan Stevens SOC-220 Mary...

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Jordan Stevens SOC-220 April 29, 2018 Mary Carlisle Urbanization The growth of populations has changed quite frequently over the years. Humans naturally gather their lives into communities, which means that they form groups based on a common territory or a common sense of belonging (Sullivan. 2016). From the beginning we formed groups based on hunting and gathering skills, then mankind learned how to grow and farm their own food sources which led to bigger communities or villages. Since those communities could cultivate their own food supply those villages became enormous in size which is now know as cities. The worlds population in the 1800s was about one billion people which took one million years to reach (Sullivan. 2016). With the population of the world continuing to grow and the human need to gather in communities, urbanization is leading to a few problems like high population density, lack of housing and jobs, congestion, crime, pollution, and poverty (Okorie. 2015). Many people in the United States live in cities or the surrounding areas with the population growth (Sullivan. 2016). A population is “the total number of people inhabiting a particular geographic area at a specified time” (Sullivan. 2016. pg. 346). When discussing population growth and urbanization, populations are broken down into three basic elements: fertility, mortality, and migration (Sullivan. 2016). A major factor into way the population just keeps growing is that our life expectancy is a lot longer than it used to be in preindustrial times. 1
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Some negative consequences to urbanization is a rapid growth in cities and suburbs which will lead to less homes available, crowded cities for those that choose to live in them, pollution in those crowded areas, and opens avenues for higher crime rates. When you have a high population within the world it makes it more difficult to keep the job markets open and providing enough jobs to keep up with the rapid growing numbers within no only the U.S. but throughout the world. This is important to understand because it will affect people individually and. When you have an overpopulated area with not enough job opportunities it creates opportunities for those in lower income areas to turn to crime and violence. Changing things would allow more
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