Emile Durkheim. 1970. “Mechanical and Organic Solidarity” 1.The key question that Emile Durkheim is addressing is the two types of consciousnesswhich a person contains in a society such as, mechanical and organic solidarity.Mechanical and organic solidarity are the differences between collective consciousnessand interdependence.2.2a. The key concepts we need to understand in the article are mechanical and organicsolidarity. Durkheim uses both to explain the difference in how society function based onpremodern and modern society.2b. Mechanical solidarity is specific for a premodern society where collectiveconsciousness is gathered through the idea that everyone is the same; people practice thesame job, same tribe, or same religion. Organic solidarity is directed for a modernsociety. The solidarity that as an individual one has their own job or own set of beliefs,but depend on one another as a union for the operation of a society.