WOMS 210 Exam One Study Guide 2018Week One Women’s Studies in ReligionKnow influential feminists who challenged religion and women’s role in it - Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Mathilda Gage, Mary Daly, Rosemary Reuther, Merlin Stone, Carol ChristSpiritualityReligionAndrocentricPatriarchy – “ruled by the fathers”SexistGender differentiation- place human into two different groups Gender segregation- separates and divides activities and experiences on the basis on gender Gender ideologyElite religionPopular religionAndersonWhat do the authors mean when they say “the category of ‘woman’ is fluid” and why is this important? What reasons do they give for studying women and religion? What does Anderson mean by biological essentialism? What are the dualisms discussed in the text?Bagley, Intro 1-15 -Who was Mary Daly? What is an exodus and why does she argue women need to join the exodus? -What do Bagley and McIntosh mean when they discuss “reform” or “revolution” responses to religion? -What have been the three stages of feminist study as described by Judith Plaskow? -Why do the authors focus attention on women’s bodies in connection to religion? -What choices does Christ say women have within Christianity? -In her essay, Daly argues there is a conflict between the basic Church teachings and the misogynistic ideas about women. What does she mean by these tensions and why are they important? Week 2 Rediscovering Goddess Traditions///Creation of Patriarchy & Shift from Goddess to God Terms: Creation myths, Matrilineal /Matrilocal /Matriarchy, Female power/Female body/Female will/Female heritage, Maiden/Mother/Crone, Venus of Willendorf, Inanna, Patrilineal/Patrilocal, Hierarchical, Polytheistic Labyrinth, Triple Goddess, PantheonWhat are some common characteristics of Goddess Cultures? What roles do the Goddesses play in these societies? How is the body of the Great Goddess depicted? Why is this important? What are the theories about the transition to Patriarchy and the Shift from Female to Male Deities? What are some of the common characteristics of these patriarchal cultures?Anderson, 304-306What argument did archeologist Marija Gimbutas make about Goddess worship? What resources did use to base her argument? Where else does text argue Goddess worship took place? What generalizations can we make about Goddess worship?