study guide for history test 1.docx - Reconstruction o 1865-1877 o Presidential Reconstruction Shifts to radical by the republicans and congress getting

study guide for history test 1.docx - Reconstruction o...

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Overview of the TimelineReconstruction o1865-1877oPresidential ReconstructionShifts to radical by the republicans and congress getting tired of the way things are. oRadical reconstructionStarted by the Reconstruction Act of 1877oCompromise of 1877Jim Crow Erao1880s-1960sProgressive Era o1890s-1920solaunched by How the Other Half Livesexposes the white male classoProgressive Era ReformThe meatpacking industry becomes exposed by “The Jungle”Tenement housing Suffrage US/Indian Wars and the removal of native Americans in the west o1870s-1890soWounded Knee massacre marks the end of armed native resistanceIndustrial revolution o1850s- WWIoFactors that made it possibleSystem of national transportationImmigration (increased labor force)Access to natural recoursesCoal, copper mining, steel, goldCapital for investment Rockefellers, VanderbiltGovernment InterventionUS Imperialism o1890s-oUS interventions in Hawaii, Cuba, Philippines, Guam MuckrakersoProgressive eraoStirring the potoIda B. Wells oUpton SinclairoTheodore RooseveltoJacob Reese – photographs in “How the Other Half Lives”New Immigrants oEastern and Southern Europe, Russia
oCatholic, Jewish pooro“Good immigrants” from Northern Europe liked because they were like the AmericansoNativismThe fear of foreigners These people pose a threat to American values and idealsReconstruction and the rise of Jim Crow Radical Reconstruction oDissatisfaction with Johnson’s Reconstruction Facing increased violence, exploitation,  oRadical Republicans Want the government to have more control oRadical Reconstruction 1867-1877Reconstruction Act of 1867 “An act to provide for the more efficient government of the Rebel States” What’s going to happen: oDivides the south into distinct districts oNew state governments oGive black men the right to vote Northerners who had gone south (slang: carpet baggers)Sympathetic white southerners (slang: scalawags) oFreedmen’s Bureau In addition to other things they provide they now:  Preform marriage license Establish schools Arbitrate disputes between slaves and employees Reconstruction Amendments o13   th   amendment (1865)Abolished slavery Establishes citizenship for African Americans  o14   th   amendment (1868)Basic rights and equality under the law for every citizens regardless of color o15   th   amendment (1870)Voting rights No state can discriminate Black men 
White Opposition oWhy are they so mad? Afraid to lose their power o“Wherever I go—the street, the shop, the house, or the steamboat—I hear the 

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