Discussion Board 6.docx - Discussion Board 6.1 Theory...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 4 pages.

Discussion Board 6.1 Theory Evaluation I chose Imogene King’s theory of goal attainment to evaluate. King developed a Conceptual system to deliver knowledge about human nature and nursing (King, 1999). The concepts are “self, perception, role, communication, interaction, transaction, growth and development, time, space, and stress” (King, 1999, p. 293). The concepts are divided into three different systems: personal, interpersonal, and social. The personal systems deal with individuals and their concepts are self, body image, perception, learning, growth and development, personal space, and time (King, 1992). The interpersonal system concerns groups and its concepts are role, communication, interaction, transaction, interpersonal relations, and stress (King, 1992). The social systems concepts are organization, power, authority, status, and decision making (King, 1992). These concepts were placed in each system to arrange knowledge about individuals, groups, and society, but all were interconnected when applied to any nursing circumstance (King, 1992). The aim of the conceptual system is to assist individuals, groups, and society preserve health during all interactions. Conceptual systems provide methods to develop nursing theories (King, 1992). King’s theory of goal attainment was developed from this conceptual framework (King, 1992). The concepts of King’s theory remain essential to nursing and offer the foundation she developed her theory of goal attainment from, starting with the assumption that nurses are humans interacting with patients who are humans, and both also interact with the environment (Meleis, 2008). Thus, the nurse and patient (personal system) interact with each other in small and large groups (interpersonal systems) and with the environment (social systems) (Meleis, 2008). All three systems interact and this connection triggered the production of the goal attainment theory with a certain set of concepts that partly came from the conceptual framework (Meleis, 2008). The purpose of the conceptual systems of relations was to define chief concepts for nursing, to originate theories, to provide organization for schools, to guide nursing practice, and to provide care to communities (King, 1997a). King’s theory of goal attainment, concepts, and assumptions are not well defined, even though she consistently emphasized the importance of patient involvement in decisions. For example, she defined each interpersonal concept and how they relate to her theory, but it isn’t evident how her concepts correlate with humans, environment, health, and society (King, 1988).

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture