L03-Professionalism

L03-Professionalism - ENGR 482-Ethics and Engineering...

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    ENGR 482-- Ethics and Engineering Professionalism and Engineering Codes of Ethics
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    Related reading o Harris, Pritchard & Rabins, Engineering Ethics: Concepts and Cases 2nd ed. o http://ceprofs.tamu.edu/rjames/ (see this webpage for links to several codes of ethics)
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    Nature of Professions o Types of Employment o Job - Low skill levels o fast food cook/retail sales clerk o custodial worker o house painter o Trade or vocation - manual skills, apprenticeships, often unionized o beautician/barber o plumber/electrician/carpenter o truck driver/equipment operator o welder/machinist/iron worker
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    Professionalism, cont’d. o Self-employed (non professional) o Small business owner--can have various job duties. (Note that professionals are often self-employed and have duties with professional responsibilities.) o Farmer/rancher
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    Professions, cont’d. o Knowledge or specially educated worker o computer programmer/network administrator o scientist/technician o Professional - regulated knowledge worker o doctor/dentist/veterinarian/pharmacist o lawyer/accountant o engineers/architects o teacher (partly regulated)
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    What is a professional? o Originally…a “professor” was one who professed adherence to monastic vows of a religious order. o Today…a person who professes to be “duly qualified” in some field by virtue of special knowledge (usually gained by specific education and verified by examination); experience; and with some state sanction or license.
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    Traits of a Professional o Extensive intellectual training o Specialized knowledge (exam) o Skills vital to society o Monopoly on service provided o Autonomy o Self-regulated o Privilege/prestige o Code of ethics o Is engineering a profession?
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    Number of Engineers, Professions, and Knowledge Workers in the United States Engineers Men Women Total Electrical and Electronic 420,471 46,552 467,023 Civil 235,162 17,646 252,808 Mechanical 176,092 9,780 185,872 Industrial 151,859 24,474 176,333 Aerospace 131,786 11,648 143,434 Chemical 57,163 7,157 64,320 Petroleum 22,908 1,657 24,565 Metallurgical and Materials 17,021 2,209 19,230 Nuclear 10,108 693 10,801 Mining 6,063 415 6,478 Agricultural 2,201 136 2,148 Marine and Naval Architecture 12,776 493 13,269 Other 308,540 33,423 341,963 Total 1,551,961 156,283 1,708,244
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    Other professionals and knowledge workers (cont’d.) Other Professionals Men Women Total Lawyers 564,332 182,745 747,077 Physicians 465,468 121,247 586,715 Pharmacists 114,949 66,849 181,798 Architects 133,212 23,662 156,874 Dentist 135,588 19,941 155,529 Scientists Chemists 102,505 38,750 141,255 Biologists 36,207 25,930 62,137 Physicists 24,238 3,604 27,842 Total Employed 119,550,000 Total U.S. Population 248,709,873 Source: 1990 Census
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    Models of Professionalism o Business Model
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course PHIL 482 taught by Professor Harris during the Fall '02 term at Texas A&M.

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L03-Professionalism - ENGR 482-Ethics and Engineering...

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