L20-Intellectual Property Professional Integrity

L20-Intellectual Property Professional Integrity -...

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Intellectual Property, Professional Integrity PHIL/ENGR 482 Ethics and Engineering
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Intellectual Property (based on a presentation by Page Heller 4/11/01) Intellectual Property is property that results from mental labor. .. Patents, ServiceMarks and Trademarks (®,™), Copyright (©), and Trade Secrets ...are common ways in which intellectual property can be protected.
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Intellectual Property To illustrate the importance of intellectual property, consider the software business. Microsoft, a relatively young company, dealing almost exclusively in software, is the all-time leader, worldwide, for profitability.
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Patents A patent is issued by government, allowing the owner to exclude others from using or selling the described invention for 20 years from the date of filing. puncture-proof tire Patent law encourages inventors to disseminate knowledge, rather than to keep it secret.
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Patents To obtain a patent, the invention must be new, useful, and not obvious. (99% of applications fail the “not obvious” requirement) Patents can be utility (provisional or nonprovisional), plant, or design. Provisional patents offer temporary protection, provides filing date, gives 1 year to file papers. Less than 10% of patents reach marketplace. A patent can cost approximately $25,000- $30,000, mostly in legal fees.
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Types of Patents In general terms, a “utility patent” protects the way an article is used and works, while a “design patent” protects the way an article looks. A utility patent can be either provisional or nonprovisional. A plant patent can be used to protect a developed variety of plant. Maroon carrots were developed and patented by Texas A&M
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Things that can be patented: Processes (incl. some software) Process for removing pollutants from the soil Machines An automatic windshield washer speed control “Manufactures” (a physical device, but not a machine) Adjustable fit inline skate Compositions of matter Low fogging thermoplastic elastomer composition Improvements of the above
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Patents by Universities The Bayh-Dole act of 1980 allowed universities to patent inventions resulting
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L20-Intellectual Property Professional Integrity -...

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