{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Midterm 01C key - Key Midterm Fall 2001 Version A(Begins...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 4
Background image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Key, Midterm, Fall, 2001 Version A (Begins with, "In the first case that opens the textbook...) toooqmmuswmr—I n-o‘trmmo‘anm N [\J U'OSDQJQOU‘QJOQQJUOOWQWUQDAOQJDJQOO Version B (Begins with, "The Endangered Species Act....) I—II—IkoooqmmuuuNH UmUQU‘Qon l—‘O~ 910 12. 13. 14. 15. l6. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. WOWUWUOOQOUWOQOQUQQQWOQO Make—Up Exam (Begins with, "In the first case that opens the textbook....) m<D~JO\U1#LMkJH noUmmUQmQ H \1 manmonmamvmnmmo 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. QUQIOQJQIU'QQJOO Mk5 flese Ideas are Udéé s7f§¢5+ms 6w 7,11,.hfi7 TH" €3Stn75) Shm} Luv 19,770 Diamapg; I W! 77% fine. "CW/a, OWL/(Ushwy 770‘ /0a ‘ Regular Exam Essay 0 96541”) 7.5 Subgmf +2 CH‘Sc‘Ae/mablc Vdr‘UUI‘C-bn. 1. (3 points) Identif .the conflicting obligations, values and interests Obligations to prevent possible loss of life vs. the obligation not to unnecessarily disturb rural life. 2. (2 points) Formulate the alternative actions (consider only two). Move the tracks vs. not move the tracks. 3. (3 points) Determine the audience for the analysis. College Station Residents, rural residents, University, owners of the railroad, users of the railroad (including local businessmen). 4. (10 points) List the rights violated or infringed by each action and the level of rights involved. Move the tracks——property rights of rural residents infringed (3rd tier), property rights of taxpayers infringed because of the expense of moving the tracks (3rd tier), right of consent of rural residents violated if they do not want the railroad (2nd tier). (I say the rights are only infringed, because the residents will be paid for their property and the taxpayers will not have all of their assets taken. Rural reSidents may face something closer to a rights violation if the railroad is really forced on them against their will.) There would be some increase in the infringement of the 1st tier right to life of the rural residents also. Also, the local users of the railroad would have their right to acquire property (wealth) infringed if the railroad were moved out of town. Not move the tracks——rights to life and bodily integrity infringed because of the increased probability of death or injury (1st tier). 5. (12 points) Choose the action that involves the least serious rights violations/infringements. EXPLAIN and JUSTIFY your conclusions here. The right of consent of the rural residents may be more directly violated, but this is a 2nd tier right. The other rights are 3rd tier. The rights of the College Station residents are also only infringed, but they are lst tier rights. From the rights standpoint, if the probability of death is significantly higher for B/CS residents with the tracks in their present location, the tracks should probably be moved. Make—Up Exam Essay 1. (3 points) Identify the conflicting values and obligations. Obligations to prevent possible loss of life vs. the obligation not to unnecessarily disturb rural life. 2. (2 points) Determine the alternative actions (consider only two). Move the tracks vs. not move the tracks. 3. (3 points) Determine the audience for the analysis. College Station residents, rural residents, University, owners of the railroad, users of the railroad (including local businessmen). 4. Determine the consequences of each alternative act for everyone in the audience. (8 points) College Station residents-—increased chance of death or injury if the railroad is not moved Rural residents——slightly increased chance of death if the railroad is moved to rural areas, also disruption of farmland and perhaps some communities, possible lower value for their land University——problems if there is an accident Owners of the railroad-—bad publicity if there is an accident in College Station, perhaps having to bear some of the expense if the railroad is moved Users of the railroad (including local businessmen)-—possible increased expense of using the railroad to offset the expense if the railroad is moved, inconvenience to local businesspersons if the railroad is moved out of town. 5. Which action maximizes the utility or well—being overall? You should define "utility" or "well—being" and EXPLAIN AND JUSTIFY your conclusion here. (14 points) Utility here means economic well—being, safety, non—interference with lifestyle. The most serious disutility is to College Station and the University residents if the railroad is not moved. There could be loss of life or serious bodily injury or property damage if there were an accident. CWCSFWWAO, aw mu be whim, 47 HQ resume {9 4w» +m4<5 are moved), If the railroad is moved, there will be expenses to taxpayers and the owners of the railroad, some damage to the well-being of local business, and damage to the farmlands and lifestyles and property values of rural residents. The final evaluation really depends on an estimation of the magnitude and probability of accidents. If the magnitude or probability is not too great, a utilitarian approach might well recommend leaving the railroad where it is. ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}