Chapter1ano - Defining Health, Health Education, and Health...

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Unformatted text preview: Defining Health, Health Education, and Health Promotion J. Don Chaney, Ph.D. Texas A&M University Defining Health WHO (1947) "state of complete physical, mental, and social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" Dunn (1967) "an integrated method of functioning which is oriented toward maximizing the potential of which the individual is capable" Halbert Defining Health Rene Dubos (1968) "a quality of life involving social, emotional, mental, spiritual, and biological fitness on the part of the individual, which results from adaptations to the environments" Reciprocal Determinism Godfrey Hochbaum (1979) "what enables a person to be what he/she wants to be and do what he/she wants to do" Defining Health Michael O'Donnell (1986) "optimal health consists of a balance of physical, emotional, spiritual, intellectual, and social health" Defining Health Richard Eberst (1984) the multidimensional "cube" model S Physical o c i Spiritual a l M Vocational e n Emotional t a l "Optimal health consists of a balance between the physical, mental, emotional, social, spiritual, and vocational states" Defining Health Education Joint Committee on Health Problems in Education (1948) "process of providing learning experiences for the purpose of influencing knowledge, attitudes, or conduct relating to individual, community, or world health" Defining Health Education Wilner, Walker, and Goerke (1973) "process through which individuals, social groups, and communities attend to and assimilate information about health and disease, and mobilize appropriate behavior for health productive ends" Defining Health Education Anspaugh and Ezell (1995) "process of developing and providing planned learning experiences in such a way as to supply information, change attitudes, and influence behavior" Defining Health Education Green, Kreuter, Deeds, and Partridge (1980) - "any combination of learning experiences designed to facilitate voluntary adaptations of behavior conducive to health" Basis of Health Education/ Health Promotion Knowledge DOES NOT EQUAL Behavior Lalonde Report (1974) (Health Field Concept) Health Care Environment Lifestyle Hu Bio man l og y Defining Health Promotion "A combination of educational, organizational, political, social, and economic interventions that have as their purpose adaptations and adjustments that will improve or protect the health of individuals" ...
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course HLTH 700 taught by Professor Chaney during the Fall '05 term at Texas A&M.

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