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Chapter5no - Enhancing Emotional WellBeing Chapter 5...

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Unformatted text preview: Enhancing Emotional WellBeing Chapter 5 Catherine Rasberry, M.S. Objectives Define and describe sociocultural influences on personal development Demonstrate assertive communication and effective listening skills Delineate the steps for effective problem solving (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Describe activities for enhancing self image and selfesteem Identify the types of eating disorders Describe the natural stages of the grief process Identify the types of depression (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) The Emerging Self Sociocultural Influences (SCIs) Mindful SelfExploration Family members, media, religious doctrine, national events, famous individuals, peers, etc. The process of exploring your inner self and the impact that SCIs have on you (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Impact of SCIs (Figure 5.1) (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Life Skill Development Emotional Intelligence Assertiveness Training Effective Communication Effective Problem Solving Image Building Image and the Media Eating Disorders SelfEsteem Enhancement Resolving Grief over Loss (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Emotional Intelligence "the ability to recognize your emotions and those of the people around you and have the competence to work with those emotions to resolve problems" 2step approach 1. Awareness 2. Action (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Assertiveness Training Assertiveness "involves standing up for personal rights and expressing oneself in direct, honest, and appropriate ways that do not violate another person's rights" Communicates respect for self and others Involves the use of "I" messages (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 1999, p. 75) Assertiveness Training 6 basic types "I want" "I feel" Mixed feelings Empathic assertion Confrontive assertion I language assertion (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Effective Communication Appropriate body language Encouraging responses Paraphrasing Clarification Summarization (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Effective Problem Solving 6 Basic Steps: Define the problem Generate possible solutions Evaluate the solutions Make the decision Determine how to implement decision Assess the success of the solution (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Avoid thinking: Effective Problem Solving Conflict is your fault You must "win" Compromise = losing or being less powerful One person must be right and one wrong You have the only good solution Conflict should be avoided at any cost Problems will not come up again (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Image Building Positive self image Vital for feeling good and being successful Every woman has something unique and important to offer Start by loving yourself (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Image Building Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) "a preoccupation with an imagined defect in appearance that results in distress in social or other important areas of life functioning" BDD behaviors: Frequent mirror checking, avoidance of mirrors, frequent comparisons to others, excessive grooming (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Image and the Media We often see images of women that are tough to compete with fictional image of "ideal woman" Julie Roberts Pretty Woman "In the early 80s, the average model weighed 8% less than the average American woman; she now weighs 23% less" (Crooks & Baur, 2002, p. 437). (Crooks & Baur, 2002) (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Eating Disorders Important factor Poor body image Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa "starving oneself, sometimes even to death, because of a personal belief that one is unattractive or unlovable" Eating then purging (through vomiting or laxative use) to avoid weight gain Binge eating but not purging (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Binge Eating Disorder Eating Disorders: Anorexia Nervosa Complications: Damaged bones, organs, muscles, immune system, digestive system, nervous system Suicide Heart disease Possible sterility Nerve damage Possible seizures Anemia GI problems (Bounds, Agnor, Darnell, & Shea, 2003) Complications: Eating Disorders: Bulimia Nervosa Tooth erosion, cavities, and gum problems Abdominal bloating Possible sterility Dehydration Low potassium levels Heart damage (Bounds, Agnor, Darnell, & Shea, 2003) SelfEsteem Enhancement Selfesteem the distance between the perceived self (how you currently see yourself) and the ideal self (how you believe you "should" be) Enhancing selfesteem Reduce distance between perceived and ideal (bring the ideal self into reality) (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Resolving Grief over Loss During life you will lose someone or something that you love Grief is a normal response to loss Recovering does not mean you will no longer experience pain. Instead, it means that you have gained a sense of being okay and can move on with life. (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Resolving Grief Grief Process Model 1 Early mourning Midmourning Late mourning Grief Process Model 2 Denial Anger Sorrow/despair/depression Bargaining Acceptance (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Depression An emotional state of persistent dejection that may range from mild discouragement to feelings of extreme despair. Usually accompanied by loss of motivation, loss of energy, insomnia, loss of appetite, and difficulty in concentrating and making decisions. (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Depression Types of Depression Psychosocial Stressors Genetic Liability The Reproductive System Positive Experiences Multicultural Issues Developmental Issues (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Types of Depression Major depressive episode Dysthymic disorder Major depressive disorder Bipolar Disorder (manic depression) Reoccurrence of a major depressive episode (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Woman are twice as likely as men to be Psychosocial Stressors and Depression diagnosed with depression. Why? more psychosocial stressors? more focus on depressing life events? more likely to seek assistance? physiology? (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) The Reproductive System and Depression Menstruation Pregnancy & Childbirth Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) Postpartum dysphoria ("the blues") Postpartum depression Menopause Infertility Abortion Evidence does NOT support association with depression (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Tendency to develop depression may be Depression and Genetic Liability hereditary. Medication can be useful Major depressive disorder is 1.5 to 3 times more common among firstdegree biological relatives of persons with this disorder than among the general population. for treating depression, manicdepression, and anxiety (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Women who have positive experiences Positive Experiences versus Depression can enhance their selfesteem and decrease depression. (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Difference in midadolescence Developmental Issues and Depression 20s30s age at which women are most likely to develop depression 40s50s also a vulnerable age 60s+ women face more medical problems and are more likely to be worried about a reduction in the number of quality years (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Cultural Issues Multicultural Issues of Depression and Suicide African American women Hispanic women and Latinas Asian women Native American women (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Suicide Multicultural Issues of Depression and Suicide 11th leading cause of death in 1999 More men than women die by suicide (4:1 ratio) More women than men report attempted suicide (3:1 ratio) (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) The Counseling Option There may be times when you (or a friend) need counseling assistance Finding a counselor: Get a referral Ask questions Educational background, professional training, experience, professional credentials, approach to counseling (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Emotions and Health Release your feelings Confide in others as necessary (Kolander, Ballard, & Chandler, 2004) Social Support Optimism Humor Achieving Emotional WellBeing Social needs met through interaction with others Hopeful about the future Inner joy Cognitive Restructuring Thoughts influence actions; avoid unreasonable and negative thoughts (Donnelly, Eburne, & Kittleson, 2001) Conclusion It is okay to have emotions that range from excited to devastated Remember: "The key to achieving emotional wellbeing is to have effective ways of processing and dealing with feelings." (Donnelly, Eburne, & Kittleson, 2001) Contacts National Mental Health Association TAMU Student Counseling Service www.nmha.org 1800969NMHA http://scs.tamu.edu (979) 8454427 (979) 8452700 HelpLine ...
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