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HIS 100 Theme 3: Historical Context Chart Prompt: Historiography is the practice of analyzing how the historical context of a time influences how historians write about and interpret historical events. First, choose three secondary sources from your selected topic in the Research Kit and copy and paste the full citation of each article into the Article Citation field. Next, explain in the chart below how you think the historical context of the time when these articles were written may have impacted the authors’ interpretations of the events. You are encouraged to check out this website to help you formulate your thoughts on the historical context of your articles. Historical ContextArticle CitationHistorical Context of Publication DateImpact of Historical Context on Author’s ThesisThe decision to use the atomic bomb. Foreign Affairs, 35(2), 334–353] The Japan attacked our Navy ships while they were docked at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1945. This was an surprise and sadly 19 ships were sunk and 2400 soldiers and sailors loss their lives that day. Thus four years later, on 6 August, 1945, at precisely 8.15 a.m., the first atomic bomb was dropped the city of Hiroshima. The justification for this attack President Truman was for Japan attacking us at Pearl Harbor. Thus the attack on Hiroshima resulted in approximately 240,000 Japanese civilians died, from the attack and most of the buildings in the city burned to the ground. A larger bomb was dropped on Nagasaki and three days later, thus forcing Japan into a quick surrender. [2. Morton, L. (1957). The effects of the atomic bombing was that most of the doctor and nurses died that day. Also with most of their hospitals being completely destroy it left hardly anyone to care for those who were injured. Also the people who came into the city to help care for the injured later died from radiation poisoning. The long term effects on the people who did survive that day has seen an increase of thyroid, lung and breast cancers along with the scarring of the mind and body. A search for middle ground. Diplomatic History, 29(2), 311–334.
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History, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki