Chapter10no - Using Alcohol Responsibly Adam E Barry M.S...

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Using Alcohol Responsibly Adam E. Barry, M.S. Texas A&M University Department of Health and Kinesiology
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Alcohol Prevalence 51% of Americans 12 and over report being current drinkers An estimated 120 Million People 22.9% of persons 12 and over participated in binge drinking within the last month 54 Million People Heavy Use reported by 6.7% of the population 15.9 Million People Source 4
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Women & Alcohol: Prevalence About a third of U.S. women drink alcohol. Of these women who drink, only one out of ten averages two or more drinks a day. Two drinks a day is above what the Dietary Guidelines for Americans call “moderate” Women's drinking is most common between ages 26 and 34 and among women who are divorced or separated. Binge Drinking is most common among women ages 18 to 25 Source 3
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Alcohol Content Proof Measurement of ethyl alcohol 2 times the % of alcohol Example: 100 proof = 50% ethyl alcohol Ethyl Alcohol Clear in color Depressant drug Can lead to dependency Source 2
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One Drink 12 oz. Bottle of Beer 5 oz. Glass of Wine 1.5 oz. of 80-proof distilled spirits Source 1
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The Tale of Ten Beers & Ten People Ten beers shared between ten individuals who follow adult drinking partners would likely be divided as follows: 3 persons abstain 5 persons share two beers – 70% of drinkers consume only 20% of all alcohol 2 persons share eight beers – 30% of drinkers consume 20% of all alcohol Source 2
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Drinking Classifications Abstainers Light Drinkers Moderate Drinkers Heavy Drinkers
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Factors Affecting Alcohol Absorption Number of Drinks Strength Rate if drinking Mixed with other beverages Foods in stomach Blood Chemistry Source 2
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Women & Alcohol Are Women More Vulnerable to the Effect of Alcohol?
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Women & Alcohol: Metabolism & Gender Differences Alcohol Dehydrogenase (ADH) Liver enzyme that metabolizes and breaks down alcohol before entering the blood Gender Differences in ADH Activity Lower levels in women Drinking frequency increases & Liver functioning decreases Source 2
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Women & Alcohol: Metabolism & Gender Differences Female Body 45-55% Water More Body Fat
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