Chapter18no

Chapter18no - Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and...

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Unformatted text preview: Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and Women Chapter Eighteen Preventing AIDS and Other STDs Beth Hensleigh, M.A. Texas A&M University The Primary Burden of STIs STIs, once called venereal diseases, are among the most common infectious diseases in the United States today. More than 20 STIs have now been identified ~13 million men and women are affected annually They are most prevalent among teenagers and young adults. Nearly two-thirds of all STIs occur in people younger than 25 years of age. The Primary Burden of STIs The annual comprehensive cost of STIs in the United States is estimated to be well in excess of $10 billion. It is imperative that women know about STIs, because women comprise a growing share of the new cases of STIs in the United States. (CDC, 2004) Sexually Transmitted Infections and Women STIs can be physically and emotionally devastating for women. (Kolander et al., 1999) Important to know and understand information about prevention, signs, symptoms, and treatment of STIs What you dont know CAN hurt you! (Kolander et al., 1999) Sexually Transmitted Infections Who is at risk for contracting STIs? Anyone who is sexually active What is considered sexual activity? Sexually Transmitted Infections HOW ARE THEY TRANSMITTED? vaginal, oral, or anal intercourse by simply touching an infected area mother to child sharing needles for IV drug use blood products containing the infection Types of STIs THREE MAIN TYPES Bacterial Viral Parasitic Asymptomatic STIs Bacterial STIs As many as 20% of infected males and 80% of infected females are without symptoms Viral STIs have even higher percentages Bacterial STIs Chlamydia Gonorrhea Syphilis Chlamydia Chlamydial is curable and is caused by a bacterium called Chlamydia trachomatis . Transmitted: oral, vaginal, or anal sexual contact with an infected partner. Most common bacterial STI in the U.S. ~ 4 to 8 million new cases occur each year Many cases are asymptomatic If symptoms are present, they will occur 1-3 weeks after infection. (NIH, 2004) Symptoms of Chlamydia Male Symptoms thin whitish discharge itching & burning during urination pain/swelling of testes low grade fever Female Symptoms moderate vaginal discharge itching & burning urination abdominal pain bleeding b/w periods nausea, headaches, low grade fever Chlamydia Complications Blindness Sterility Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Ectopic pregnancy A baby who is exposed to C. trachomatis in the birth canal during delivery may develop an eye infection or pneumonia....
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course HLTH 700 taught by Professor Chaney during the Fall '05 term at Texas A&M.

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Chapter18no - Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and...

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