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Running Head: STALINISM AND NAZISM Comparison between Stalinism and Nazism Name: Course: Professor: Institution: City and State: Date:
STALINISM AND NAZISM 2 Introduction The Nazism regime was formed by the Nazi Party of Germany in 1920s but gained power in late 1933 under the leadership of Adolf Hitler. The party had a set of political beliefs that one race is more superior to the other and could have great ability to survive than the other race. This regime lasted up to the end of World War II in 1945. Nazism is a form of tyranny administration applying racism to oppress and differentiate the people(Peukert, 1987). Their philosophical idea was that the Aryan race, comprising most of the Germans, were better than any other race in Germany during that time such as the Roma, Jews, blacks and the slaves. They considered them as inferior or sub-humans. The political party applied the racist ideology in their rule and administration. Their leader Hitler believed that the problems affecting Germany were caused by the Jews and the other inferior races in the country, he, therefore, ordered millions of those who were not Germans to be sent to concentration camps and death camps, where they were killed. He strongly suggested that the Jews and the rest were responsible for the Armistice of 1918 that ended World War I forcing Germany to pay huge amounts of money and reparations. The opponents were either put in prison, killed or threatened. A lot of violence and civil rights violation was experienced during the Nazi regime. The Nazis became the biggest party in the parliament and made all other parties illegal by 1934. Democracy was replaced by a dictatorship. (Heberle, 1970) According Gill (1998),Stalinism was being experienced in the Soviet Union under the rule of Joseph Stalin who was a dictator and ruled for almost three decades in the Soviet Union.
STALINISM AND NAZISM 3 He assumed power after the death of his predecessor Vladimir Lenin, and he imprisoned or forced his opponents to exile. He believed that if Russia was to become a key player in the global market economy and technology, the country needed to industrialize rapidly and increase production. To do this, he introduced a forced and rapid modernization process. His government assumed control of what few industrial complexes it didn't already own, but the most violent upheaval to the Soviet economy was Stalin's forced collectivization of agriculture seizing ownership of millions of farms and those who refused to give their lands were imprisoned, exiled or killed. This was a bad move since Russia was predominantly an agriculture-oriented country, thus, he had direct control of the food supply. His political rivals opposing the brutal treatment towards the citizens were imprisoned, exiled, worked to death as slaves or executed. Striking and slow workers were shot, executed or imprisoned. Thousands died from accidents, starvation or cold. Housing and wages were terrible, and no consumer goods were produced for people this brought a lot of suffering among the Russians.

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