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Running head: ANALYTICAL ESSAY: CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM1Analytical Essay: Christianity and IslamStacey JohnsonChamberlain College of NursingRELI448N: Comparative ReligionJuly 2018
ANALYTICAL ESSAY2Christianity and Islam are two of the largest religions with followers all over the world. Followers of Christianity are referred to as Christians and followers of Islam are referred to as Muslims. Muslims and Christians follow the writings of holy texts; the Bible in Christianity and the Qur’an in Islam. Both Christianity and Islam are monotheistic religions in which the followers believe in the same God, referred to as Allah in Islam, and believe that he is the sole creator of the universe. There are many historical connections between Christianity and Islam. Both religions originated in the Middle East. Christianity was founded on the life and teachings of Jesus while Islam was founded on the teachings of Muhammed, both of whom are prophets of God. While both religions believe in Jesus, they differ in their beliefs about him. The following paragraphs will explain the similarities and differences between these two religions.Both Christianity and Islam originated in the Middle East. Christianity originated in the town of Jerusalem, now known as Israel. Jesus sent disciples to preach throughout Israel. Christianity became “the official religion of the Roman empire” and became “the religion of all of Europe” and “existed on a smaller scale in varied forms in Ethiopia, the Middle East, and India” (Molloy, 2012). Over the past five hundred years missionary and devotional movements have spread Christianity to every continent and made it an international religion. Islam originated in the already religious city of Mecca in the eastern Arabian Peninsula with the teachings of Muhammed about 700 years after Christianity. Muhammed, in fearing for his safety, fled about three hundred miles north to the city of Yathrib. Muhammed’s migration to Yathrib is known in Arabic as the Hijra and is a significant event in the formation of Islam known as year 1. Yathrib is the home of the first mosque and is know known as Medina and is considered on of the most sacred cities in Islam along with Mecca and Jerusalem (Molloy, 2012).