Civics Final Exam Study Guide Chapter 1 Terms/Concepts Governmental Legitimacy - When the Gov’ is accepted by the people. To be Machiavellian means what - To out fox competitors Building blocks of government Nation State Characteristics - What is Politics? - activities associated with the government The Social Contract Theory - Agreeing to live in peace Authority - having power to give orders and Power - making a person do something Aristotle’s thoughts on government - They needed a constitution to rule the land The Chinese doctrine of the Sons of Heaven - kings are god. What is the Divine Right of Kings - kings get power from god Chapter 2 Differences between dictatorships and monarchies - Dictators take power monarchies are a king/queen. Advantages and disadvantages of direct democracies - takes lots of time - everyone gets a say What drives the production and distribution of goods and services in a free enterprise system? - Factors of Production - How the work gets done ( land labor…)How does a federal system divide power? - How is a prime minister chosen? What is a constitutional democracy? - What is a representative democracy? - Chapter 3 Origins of colonial ideas about representative democracy - Rome What did the Magna Carta do? - makes sure people know their rights when cops arrest them . Montesquieu’s contribution The Colonies local level government - principles Jefferson included in the Declaration of Independence -
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