ES Exam 2 Study Guide.pdf - Essay 1 Intersectionality Theory Intersectionality the interconnected nature of social categorizations and constructions

ES Exam 2 Study Guide.pdf - Essay 1 Intersectionality...

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Essay 1: Intersectionality Theory Intersectionality: the interconnected nature of social categorizations and constructions such as race, class, gender, and how the overlapping and interrelating of two or more of these groups creates a multiplied impact on an individual with regard to their social status in many ways Cultural patterns of oppression are interrelated and the overlap of several intersections heightens oppression Interrelated oppression has a multiplied effect on the experience of oppression Coined by Dr. Kimberly Crenshaw in 1989 Lecture Madrigal v. Quilligan (1978) 10 Mex-Am women battle the U.S. gov’t over their forced sterilizations Intersection: Mexican, working class and poor WOC, many were immigrants and not fluent in English Mirta Vidal on the Unity of La Raza (1972) Men in Chicano communities still uphold the patriarchy and machismo culture, thus women are impacted by sexism and racism within the world as well as sexism within their own community Chicanos and Chicanas must work together to liberate both the race and the women Ana Nieto-Gomez, Chicanas on Race and Class (1974) Women have different political positions of power, political politics in different aspects of oppression Ex: Chicanas face racism, sexism, classism, etc in a way white women may not face Cherrie Moraga, Chicana Feminism as Theory in the Flesh (1981) Discusses the intersections of oppression in Chicana communities Anna Castillo, Massacre of the Dreamers Chicana/Latina feminists create their own movement to combat the white-dominance of feminism and the male dominance of Chicano/Latino social movements ***Oppressions are not isolated -- they are interlinked and cannot be solved alone*** Rape, Race, and Gender Women (overall) and assault of women in U.S. are victims of attempted or completed rape 44% of victims are under 18, 80% under 30 60% of assaults not reported to police 15/16 rapists never spent a day in jail
⅔ of assaults are someone the victim knows Black women and assault Less likely to report assault than white women 13/14 BW who are assaulted do not tell the police Historical Patterns Present Today Black/female in a white/male society → heightened underprivilege Culture of silence within American society and within black communities → idea of “carrying the burden” and protecting BM within the community Less likely to report due to distrust and systemic oppression from the police The Police (different levels w/ reporting assault) Lack of trust → “exploit and abuse” instead of “protect and serve” Only 7% of BW report sexual assault District Attorney Prosecutors less likely to file charged for BW than WW in same position Jury WW more “believable” to the jury than BW Covert racism that has been internalized throughout people’s lifetimes makes them make biased judgements In cases, WW’s evidence is believed more, and even w/

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