psychslides[1] - The Scientific Method in Developmental...

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The Scientific Method in The Scientific Method in Developmental Psychology Developmental Psychology
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A Classic Study of Social Learning Bandura, A., Ross, D, & Ross S. (1963). Imitation of film- mediated aggressive models 96 children ages 3 to 5 divided into 4 groups Each group had 12 boys and 12 girls Group 1: saw an adult hitting a clown, sitting on it, and yelling at it Group 2: saw a movie of same adult doing same Group 3: Saw a cartoon of a woman dressed as a cat attacking clown in same way Group 4: Saw no film or real-life model of aggressive behavior Children were then allowed to play in a room of toys, were observed and their aggressive behaviors counted
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Scientific Method The series of systematic steps one takes in the scientific investigation of a topic of interest. These steps are: 1 Formulate a research question A general question about a topic of interest These questions may be generated from: » an existing theory » your own observations Ex. What is the impact of observing violence on a child’s own aggressive behavior?
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Steps in the Scientific Method 2 Develop a hypothesis A prediction about behavior drawn from an established theory or an initial theory based on your observations Ex. Observing violence by others leads to more aggressive behavior in children Ex. Children are more likely to imitate similar than dissimilar models
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Steps in the Scientific Method 3 Determine how to test the hypothesis Research methods - How will you gather information? Systematic Observations Self-Reports Research designs - How will you set up your study so you can test your hypotheses? Correlational designs Experimental designs Developmental designs
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4 Draw conclusions from the data Bandura’s conclusions were: Kids who saw an aggressive model played more aggressively than those who hadn’t Boys who saw a man hit doll were more aggressive than boys who saw a woman hit doll and vice versa Main conclusion
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 230 taught by Professor Phillips during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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psychslides[1] - The Scientific Method in Developmental...

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