psychslides[9] - Guaging the amount of assistance given...

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Cognitive Development Cognitive Development Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory
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Lev Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory of Cognitive Dev. A Russian psychologist who died of TB at age 37 Saw cognitive development as: Social interactions in which more knowledgable members of society teach us skills Cognition develops first in a social setting and gradually comes under a child’s independent control Learning from and internalizing communications Being led towards more complex concepts by others Continuing throughout our lives w/ new tasks A continuous process - not in stages
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3 Main Concepts in Vygotsky’s Theory The Zone of Proximal Development Difference between what a child can do alone and a higher level they can achieve w/assistance Exs. Instructions on how to clean your room or how to solve 3-digit addition rather than 2-digit addition
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3 Main Concepts in Vygotsky’s Theory Scaffolding
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Unformatted text preview: Guaging the amount of assistance given depending on a learners level of need Ex. Early in learning we give more direction and praise, as children catch on we give less direction 3 Main Concepts in Vygotskys Theory Private Speech Verbal comments children make to themselves to guide and regulate their behavior Eventually children internalize comments as silent self-talk Viewed language as necessary for any higher-order cognition such as planning and problem-solving Disagreed strongly w/Piaget here who believed this speech was egocentric and nonsocial How might you use Vygotskys Theory in Education? Children can learn thru Assisted Discovery Use of examples, demonstrations, prompts All of this would be tailored to a childs zone of proximal development Might pair up children at different levels for cooperative learning to occur...
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psychslides[9] - Guaging the amount of assistance given...

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