Second Exam Review

Second Exam Review - Second Exam Review 1. Define the term...

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Second Exam Review 1. Define the term political system. The institutions, machinery, and processes that enable the people to select the individuals and groups who will govern and indicate to those selected what policies and programs are desired. What are the three main functions of political systems in a democracy? 1. Articulate the demands of society 2. Select the individuals who occupy positions of power 3. Provide clues as to the policies that government should adopt Which of these has priority in the American political system? Selecting individuals who occupy positions of power 2. What are the main environments that influence the structure and functioning of political systems in a democratic society? Physical, social, economic Which of these have been changing over the past three decades in Texas? social 3. Name and define the major types of democratic systems? Elitist- power held by few individuals who protect their own interests Pluralistic- power centered in groups that dominate the political process Participatory- wide distribution of power, universal participation in political process Which type do most political scientists believe that Texas has? pluralistic 4. Define interest groups. Organized collection of individuals that are organized to make demands on political institutions in order to realize goals and are bound together by shared attitudes or concerns Which functions are shared with political parties? 5. What are the main types of membership structures used by interest groups?
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Organizations- membership extended to groups Hybrid- both persons and groups may belong What are the three main organizational patterns? Unitary- only one national organization exists. Members belong directly Federated- may have local, state, and national units Confederates- groups belong, may share goals and efforts What are the two main functional classifications of interest groups presented in the lecture? Economic Business Labor Professional groups Ideological Minorities Public interest groups 6. What factors affect the effectiveness of interest groups? Size- bigger group is more diverse Diversity- opinion killer Cohesion (focus) Geographical distribution Economic resources Leadership Reputation Public Support of Goals Which of these lie beyond the control of the group? Size and diversity of opinion
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course POLS 207 taught by Professor Peterson during the Spring '07 term at Texas A&M.

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Second Exam Review - Second Exam Review 1. Define the term...

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