Final Dobbs - Cochran Maxwell Cochran Dr Dobbs HIST 390...

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Cochran Maxwell Cochran Dr Dobbs HIST 390 Final December 12, 2007 Question 3 In 1941, the empire of Japan launched its main offensive action, against the third fleet in Pearl Harbor crippling the Navy, and taking control of the sea lines of the South Pacific. This allowed Japan was to take control of the entire Pacific. Although, shortly thereafter the engagements at Midway and the battle for the coral sea, would spin the power into the United States hands allowing the Navy to decide the fate in the Pacific Theater. The material need of the Empire of Japan to expand their scope of control was their overall foe. Their initial successes in their territorial gains led them to become overzealous victors. Toward the later half of the fight in the Pacific, the Japanese still controlled vast amounts of Asia, which became problematic once their strategy shifted to the defense. Following the Japanese naval losses (specifically carriers) at the Battle of Midway, a cohesive implementation of war plan orange, and superior industrial production resulted on the sun setting on the Japanese empire. General Macarthur’s assault on Guadalcanal was the first use of island hopping in the war and it started when the Marines and Army went ashore (Addington, 247). The struggle for the island was very costly and went on for half of a year and affected Japanese and America men to a great extent. An additional operation in Papua New Guinea led the Americans to question their abilities when fighting the Japanese in the pacific. This allowed General Macarthur to understand the importance of avoiding enemy stronghold’s whenever possible, and only risking severe conflict if a island is extremely important to the airpower of the offense. This led to the overall goals of Macarthur and Nimitz to be established, which led to many successes through the 1 1
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Cochran central Pacific. As previously mentioned in my introduction, soon in the later part of the United States offense towards Japan; the Japanese lack of production would come to haunt them. The Japanese led themselves into a possession of more land than they could closely secure and was simultaneously being attacked by an enemy who was on the offensive and resources were growing by the month (Dr. Dobbs Lecture). Due to the buildup of forces in England with action in North Africa and the soon invasion of Europe ground forces were stretched thin logistically, Naval force on the other hand were benefiting from almost unlimited supplies. Soon following the attack on Pearl Harbor, the Pacific Fleet was extremely crippled with the destruction of five battleships and only three surviving, but badly damaged. A handful of smaller ships were wiped out and, approximately 200 of the 300 planes on Oahu had been destroyed (Addington, 244). Fortunately the carriers were not in harms way at Pearl Harbor. Since the United States industrial machine was know rolling, it would soon produce cruisers,
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course HIST 390 taught by Professor Dobbs during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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Final Dobbs - Cochran Maxwell Cochran Dr Dobbs HIST 390...

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