EXAM #1.docx - SOC 201: Introduction to Sociology Exam #1...

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SOC 201: Introduction to SociologyExam #1 – Review Sheet50 questions – only multiple choice, true/falseDefinitions of concepts/perspectives may or may not be word for word from the PowerPoints or textbook, so youwant to make sure youunderstandthem and be able to identify examples concepts or applications ofperspectivesLECTURE 1: INTRO TO SOCIOLOGY (Chapter 1 and 2)Be able to identify the following concepts, includingtheir definitions and examplesoC. Wright Mill’s conception of the “sociological imagination” (aka sociological perspective):Definition: the capacity to think systematically about how things we experience as personalissues are social issues that are widely shared by others living in a similar time and place as us.Examples:SuicideoAs a Personal Trouble:Many people consider suicide to be the result of personalproblems ... an isolated act ... main “cause” is “mental illness”oAs a Public Issue:Sociologist Emile Durkheim related suicide to thecohesiveness in society instead of just viewing it as an isolated act that could onlybe understood by studying individual personalities or inherited tendencies.UnemploymentoSocial contextDefinition: We refer to this influence of society on individuals as social context.oStereotypeDefinition:Making faulty generalizations about individuals based on what we think we knowabout the groups they are members of is what is known as a stereotype.Example: Some people (and evidently many employers) think that older individuals are not asgood workers as younger people.oSocial institutionDefinition: a complex group of interdependent positions that, together, perform a social role andreproduce themselves over time.Examples: Economy, family, media, education, the state government, healthcare.
Also defined in a narrow sense as any org. in a society that works to shape the behavior of thegroups or people in it.Examples: a university, or a companyIn other words, social institutions are:the established societal patterns of behavior organized around particularpurposes/functionsgeneral patterns of behavior that emerge out of specific societal conditionsoThey change over time as societal conditions change, but, they are enduring andpersistentnetworks of structures in society that work to socialize the groups of people within them.oInstitutionalizationDefinition: a process by which certain social relationships and actions gradually come to be takenfor granted and are embedded in social organizations or systems as established norms andcustomsExample: Institutions such as the family are built upon shared cognitions that define “what hasmeaning and what actions are possible”oManifest function vs. latent function vs. social dysfunction (Robert Merton (1910-2003) –FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS)Manifest Function:Definition:the recognized and intended consequences of any social patternLatent Function:Definition: the unrecognized and unintended consequences of any social patternSocial Dysfunction:

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Term
Spring
Professor
Reid
Tags
Sociology, researcher, social forces

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