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Chapter 17: The Cardiovascular System deWit: Medical-Surgical Nursing: Concepts & Practice, 3rd EditionMULTIPLE CHOICE1. The nurse is educating a female patient with a family history of coronary artery disease (CAD) about risk factors and prevention of heart disease in women. Which information is most important for the nurse to include? a. Women should maintain a body mass index (BMI) of less than 28.b. Women should utilize estrogen supplementation to decrease risk of heart disease.c. Women should drink one alcoholic beverage daily.d. Women should incorporate stress reduction techniques into their daily lifestyle.ANS: D Increased stress is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, especially in women. Women should incorporate stress reduction techniques into their daily lifestyle. Women should maintain a BMI of less than 25. Women should discontinue use of estrogen contraception/supplementation as soon as possible. Women should not consume more than one alcoholic drink per day, and abstaining from alcohol is beneficial.PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 372-373 OBJ: 2 (theory) TOP: Heart Disease in Women KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Health Promotion and Maintenance2. In a blood pressure of 120/80, what does the “80”indicate? PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: 371 OBJ: 1 (theory) TOP: Diastolic Pressure: Definition KEY: Nursing Process Step: Implementation MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation 3. The nurse is caring for a patient on lisinopril (Zestril). The patient asks how this medication affects blood pressure. Which response best explains the medication’s effects? ””
PTS: 1 DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: 371 OBJ: 1 (theory) TOP: Angiotensin: Effect on Circulatory System KEY: Nursing Process Step: Assessment MSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Physiological Adaptation