Phil102 10716.docx - John Locke(1632-1704 Enlightenment...

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John Locke (1632-1704) Enlightenment thinker Education Political Theory Religious tolerance Lady Damaris Mashum (1658-1708) Discourse Concerning the love of god and occasional thoughts in reference to a virtuous and christian life Corresponded with both Locke and Leibniz Inanimate Objects, Plants & Animals Locke proposed separate accounts of the identity conditions for inanimate objects, animate objects and persons Inanimate   : an individual at one time and one at another are the same just if they are composed of exactly the same matter Ex: a heap of sand remains a heap as long as it is the same amount of grains added or subtracted Animate (plants & animals): an individual at one time and one at another are the same just if each has the kind of shape appropriate to that sort of plant or animal and sustains the same life The shape of an animal, and not its mentality, determines what biological kind of thing it is Persons Consciousness and only consciousness matters Although biological kind is essential to humanhood, it is not essential to personhood.

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