Chp.%202%20-ProjMgt

Chp.%202%20-ProjMgt - Chapter 2: Project Management Project...

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Chapter 2: Chapter 2: Project Management Project Management
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Project Management Defined Project A series of related activities usually directed toward some major output and requiring a significant period of time to perform. Project Management The management activities of planning, directing, and controlling resources (people, equipment, material) to meet the technical, cost, and time constraints of a project. 2
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Structuring Projects Pure Project: Advantages Pure Project A pure project is where a self-contained team works full-time on the project The project manager has full authority over the project Team members report to one boss Shortened communication lines Team pride, motivation, and commitment are high 3
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Structuring Projects Pure Project: Disadvantages Duplication of resources Organizational goals and policies are ignored Lack of technology transfer Team members have no functional area "home" 4
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Functional Project President Research and Development Engineering Manufacturing Project A Project B Project C Project D Project E Project F Project G Project H Project I A functional project is housed within a functional division Example, Project “B” is in the functional area of Research and Development. 5
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Functional Project: Advantages A team member can work on several projects Technical expertise is maintained within the functional area The functional area is a “home” after the project is completed Critical mass of specialized knowledge 6
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Functional Project: Disadvantages Aspects of the project that are not directly related to the functional area get short-changed Motivation of team members is often weak Needs of the client are secondary and are responded to slowly 7
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Matrix Project Organization Structure President Research and Development Engineering Manufacturing Marketing Manager Project A Manager Project B Manager Project C 8
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Matrix: Advantages Enhanced communications between functional areas Pinpointed responsibility Duplication of resources is minimized Functional “home” for team members Policies of the parent organization are followed 9
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Matrix: Disadvantages Too many bosses Depends on project manager’s negotiating skills Potential for sub-optimization 10
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Program Project 1 Project 2 Task 1.1 Subtask 1.1.1 Work Package 1.1.1.1 Level 1 2 3 4 Task 1.2 Subtask 1.1.2 Work Package 1.1.1.2
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course OSCM 320 taught by Professor Blackhurst during the Spring '08 term at Iowa State.

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Chp.%202%20-ProjMgt - Chapter 2: Project Management Project...

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