Tia DoddThe Early Civil Rights Movement and Jim Crow lawsHist. 1302April 20, 2018Kevin NeptuneAfrican Americans and other people of color have been facing prejudices for thousands
1of years. Reconstruction, along with the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments, were the start of the end for racism. However, Southerners could not get over their judgements and put things like the Jim Crow Laws into place, and the government allowed this to happen. The only reason the first civil rights movement happened in the first place because of the lack of Democratic representation in Congress at the time, which is proven by Jims Crow Laws and Black Codes being established as soon as there was a Democrat presence. A Democratic government led to theprejudice that kept the Jim Crow Laws and Black Codes legalized.Firstly, the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments would eventually be the start of the first civilrights movement. While the Emancipation Proclamation made slavery illegal in the succeeded states in 1863, Abraham Lincoln kept slavery legal in the Union in order to keep more the more southern states like Missouri a part of the United States. Slavery finally became illegal in all of the nation on December 6, 1865 with the passing of the thirteenth amendment, and the United States required the incoming Confederate states to ratify this amendment. Three years later on July 9, 1868 the fourteenth amendment was ratified, which gave citizenship to all "born or naturalized in the United States,” ( United States Senate). This amendment was also required in all Confederate state constitutions. Finally on February 3, 1870 the fifteenth amendment was passed, making it illegal to restrict voting on account of, “on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude,” (United States Senate). However, this did not prohibit things like a poll tax or literacy test in order to vote, for many former slaves did not have the money or were not educated. These amendments kickstarted the first civil rights movement in order to protect these rights. The first civil rights movement was started by Radical Republicans and fueled by President Andrew Johnson’s racism and lack of protection for the African American community.
2The republicans were outraged at Johnson and the Southern government for their ignorance toward the former slaves. Also, President Johnson was very politically and racially biased againstthe former slaves and Radical Republicans. The South should have been reprimanded for their secession and disobeying of the constitution, but Johnson sided with the South because of his racist tendencies. The first success concerning this civil rights movement was the Freedmen’s Bureau. The Bureau helped to provide work, schooling, medical and more to the former slaves that didn’t know anything other than living on a plantation. It was hard for a lot of free slaves to get their life started because of this, which is where the Bureau came in. This experiment was