The Four Funtions of Force

The Four Funtions of Force - International Politics...

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International Politics p.141-148 The Four Functions of Force by Robert J. Art Concerned about the uses and limits of military power, intended as a backdrop for policy debates, not prescription for specific plicies. Limits of military power Descriptive accuracy is bought at the cost of analytical utility. Divides into four categories what force can do: defense, deterrence, compellence, and swaggering 142 Not all four functions are necessarily well or equally served by a given military posture. Only great powers have the resources to use any two of these options at once. Capabilities of a state’s force is made relative to another states force, not an absolute scale. A state that can compel another state can also defend against it and usually deter it. A state that can defend another state cannot automatically deter/compel it. A state can deter another state without having the capability to compel or defend itself. A state that swaggers through another state may/not be able to do any of these. Defense is the goal all states aim for first, then deterrence. Swaggeringis the most
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This note was uploaded on 03/26/2008 for the course INTERNATIO 0061 taught by Professor Talieferro during the Spring '08 term at Tufts.

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The Four Funtions of Force - International Politics...

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