Terri Schiavo MS 3 IHP 420.docx - Milestone Three Bioethics...

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Milestone Three: Bioethics and Theresa SchiavoMilestone Three: BioethicsIHP-420Southern New Hampshire UniversityOctober 14, 2018Introduction:1
Milestone Three: Bioethics and Theresa SchiavoOn March 18, 2005 Terri (Theresa) Schiavo’s feeding tube was removed after a 15-year battle between her husband and parents. She died 13 days on March 31, 2005 after a lengthy legal dispute. Terri had spent the previous fifteen years in a permanent vegetative state. The argument at the center of the debate over Terri’s fate was whether it was an ethical decision to discontinue her feeding tube and was it justified.On February 25, 1990, Terri Schiavo collapsed in her home and suffered sudden cardiac arrest from an undiagnosed eating disorder causing significant hypokalemia (low potassium level) causing her heart to stop, she had no oxygen supply to her brain for over 5 minutes. Leaving her with a severe brain injury. Terri ultimately suffered coma, and remained in a "persistent vegetative state (PVS)." The characteristics of PVS means that an individual cannot think, speak, or respond to commands or are aware of their surroundings (CNN, 2005). Patients in PVS may demonstrate noncognitive functions such as, breathing and circulatory functions as well as responses to light and noise but show no signs of cognition functions like emotion or conscious activity. Terri’s condition was irreversible even though she was able to breathe on her own she would require a feeding tube to keep her alive. Michael Schiavo (Terri’s husband) had been awarded guardianship over Terri’s medical care by the state of Florida. Terri received extensive treatments and therapies over the next four years following the cardiac arrest, in attempt to rehabilitate her and improve her quality of life. All of these therapies failed and Terri did not show any signs of improvement. Michael was told by the physicians that Terri would never make a recovery.

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