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Nhat Anh Ngo DanPHIL 102: Moral ProblemsProfessor McKiernanApril 16, 2018Reading Reflection #3: The New Jim CrowIntroduction and Chapter One: The Rebirth of Caste“This argument [that mass incarceration operates as a tightly networked system of laws, policies, customs, and institutions that operate collectively to ensure the subordinate status of a group defined largely by race] may be particularly hard to swallow given the election of Barack Obama. Many will wonder how a nation that just elected its first black president could possibly have a racial caste system. It’s a fair question. But as discussed in chapter 6, there is no inconsistency whatsoever between the election of Barack Obama to the highest office in the land and the existence of a racial caste system in the era of colorblindness. The current system of control depends on black exceptionalism; it is not disproved or undermined by it. Others may wonder how a racial caste system could exist when most Americans–of all colors–oppose race discrimination and endorse colorblindness. Yet as we shall see in the pages that follow, racial caste systems do not require the racial hostility or overt bigotry to thrive. They need only racial