SOC103 Test#2 Review.docx - SOC103 Test#2 Review March 1st...

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SOC103 Test #2 Review March 1st: colonialism, slavery, and the emergence of a world economy- lecture First stage of major capitalism: the emergence of colonialism Colonialism: a form of domination in which one nation dominates another through political, economic, and military means o Colonialism was a way in which capitalism’s needs (resources, labour, markets) could be fulfilled on a global scale as various territories and their people came to be incorporated into world capitalist economy as labourers, producers of raw materials, or as consumers of Western European goods o Natural and human resources from the southern territories being appropriated according to the needs of norther core capitalist countries The core/periphery dialectal relationship o The globalization of primitive accumulation and what came after Much like what happened in Europe, primitive accumulation detached indigenous people from their land, leaving them without a means of subsistence, millions displaced from land since they weren’t using it in a capitalist way, which meant that they were “uncivilized” since they weren’t exploiting the land’s resources for profit Colonial settlers imposed taxes, thereby creating a labour force out of the indigenous population so that they would have to work for money and not simply to live off the land (like they did with serfs in the European forms of accumulation) Indigenous communities were crippled by this and as they were systematically murdered, using indigenous people for a source of labour became less and less realistic The strategy to meet the need for more labourers was to bring in indentured servants from Europe, often young men who were told that coming to the “new world” would bring them more opportunity, convicts, or kidnapped people. They would come under the premise that the journey to America is paid for so they must work for six to eight years for a master to pay off their debt. In reality, things like room and board, food, alcohol etc. were being “deducted” so their debt continued to grow, leading to a cycle of falling deeper into debt and being unable to escaped indentured servitude The “convicts” brought over were actually people convicted of being vagabonds (i.e. being unemployed) which further fed on the misfortunes of the poor o You can’t understand race without class Free labourers: people who worked for a wage but were not indentured and were free to leave Flows of labour, resources, and wealth in the “triangular trade” Stage one: taking manufactured goods from Europe to Africa; cloth, spirits, tobacco, beads, guns (later used for violent expansion) etc. which were exchanged for enslaved people
Stage two: shipping African people to the Americas to work on plantations, mines, ports, ships, households etc.

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