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Week3 - Universal Phonetics For any utterance of any...

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Universal Phonetics Universal Phonetics For any utterance of any speaker in any language, there is a sequence of vocal tract configurations (segments) such that a properly trained linguist (you!) executing that sequence produces an utterance that the speaker recognizes as identical to her own utterance in all relevant respects.
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Segments, where? The Erie-Lackawana Railway runs everywhere you wish you were.
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Evidence for Segmentation: Evidence for Segmentation: Sound Change Latin Greek Germanic Baltic Sanskrit ped- pod- fot- ped- pad- ‘foot’ tres tri re tri tray ‘three’ kan kun hund sun wan ‘dog’ p p f p p t t t t k k h s Indo-European /p/ Germanic /f/. Indo-European /t/ Germanic / /. Indo-European /k/ Germanic /x/ /h/.
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The direction of sound change The direction of sound change Los Angeles Carson City Fargo Des Moines Chicago Pittsburgh NYC meri meri meri meri meri meri meri ‘Mary’ meri meri meri meri meri meri m ri ‘merry’ meri meri meri meri meri meri mæri ‘marry’
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  • Spring '07
  • Kaiser
  • Phoneme, International Phonetic Alphabet, meri meri Carson City meri meri meri Fargo Des Moines, meri meri meri

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