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Exam_Topics_2 - Here's a list of the terms from lectures...

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Here's a list of the terms from lectures for the 2nd exam: Progressive Era, 1900-1920: A period of reform which lasted from the 1890s to the 1920s. The Era strongly opposed waste and corruption, seeking change in regard to worker's rights and protection of the ordinary citizen in general. The Progressives pushed for social justice, general equality and public safety, but there were contradictions within the movement, especially regarding race. Muckrakers were journalists who exposed waste, corruption, and scandal in the highly influential new medium of national magazines Significant changes achieved at the national levels included: o Prohibition with the Eighteenth Amendment (repealed later in 1933 with ratification of the Twenty-first Amendment) o Women's suffrage through to the Nineteenth Amendment o Income tax with the Sixteenth Amendment o Direct election of Senators with the Seventeenth Amendment. o Federal Highway Act -1916 o Institution of National bank Middle class reform movement: Reform vs. revolt: Professionalism: Theodore Roosevelt - Square Deal: Domestic program primarily aimed at helping middle class citizens. The policies of the Square Deal involved attacking the plutocracy and trusts while at the same time protecting business from the extreme demands of unorganized labor. One of the major elements of Roosevelt's Square Deal was the promotion of antitrust suits. During his administration, the federal government initiated actions against 44 major corporations. Woodrow Wilson: The twenty-eighth President of the United States. A devout Presbyterian and leading "intellectual" of the Progressive Era. Elected President as a Democrat in 1912. He proved highly successful in leading a Democratic Congress to pass major legislation including the Federal Trade Commission, the Clayton Antitrust Act, the Underwood Tariff, the Federal Farm Loan Act and most notably the Federal Reserve System. Wilson was a proponent of Segregation during his presidency. Narrowly re- elected in 1916, his second term centered on World War I. He tried to maintain U.S. neutrality, but when Germany began unrestricted submarine warfare he wrote several admonishing notes to Germany. Subsequently he asked Congress to declare war on the Central Powers. Paradoxes of Progressivism: Example: court case that limited work days to 10 hours for woman on the basis that they are weaker than men. The limitation was a step forward, but the reason for it being that women are the weaker sex is the wrong way to go about it. Segregation: Jumped off the Plessey v. Fergusson case and was widespread by 1905. Term: “people knew their place” Strange fruit: refers to bodies hanging from trees
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Lynching: does not always mean hanging, also burning and other cruel actions.
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