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Task 3 A-1. As a result of the Reconstruction, the Thirteenth Amendment was passed to abolish slavery and enabled Congress to enforce the article by appropriate legislation. The previous Emancipation Proclamation freed slaves in southern states, but the 13thAmendment abolished slavery in all of the nation. The freed slaves were now released from the fear that they could be taken back into slavery. As freedom was granted, the privately funded Freedman’s Bureau was created to help assist African Americans build their communities. The communities were built separate from the whites over prejudice and intentional inclusion. Schools, churches, and colleges were established to satisfy the craving of having the same opportunities as whites. Land ownership was problematic as African Americans had few sources of credit and many whites would not contract land out to them. Many African Americans renegotiated with the former masters, or contracteda sharecropping opportunity with a land owner. As the amendment had passed, the now free African Americans were up against a new entity of prejudice as they tried to find their place in society. The President at the time was a white supremacist that allowed southern legislation to write strict policies that bound freedpeople to plantation work in order to avoid being punished for homelessness. Northerners saw these laws as the South’s intention to keep African Americans in servility. They challenged the president and led the Reconstruction on a more fair path. The Thirteenth Amendment began the fight to equality for African Americans as they began to build their free lives in the United States. (Norton, 2015)A-2.The passing of the Fourteenth Amendment was a milestone in the rights of African Americans. The first section of the Amendment deemed citizenship as “all
persons born or naturalized in the United States” and stated that curtailing “privileges andimmunities” was prohibited in all states. States were also prohibited from taking a person’s life, liberty, or property without “due process of law” and from restricting “equalprotection of the law.” The Amendment gave African Americans the guarantee that they had rights as citizen, as did all citizens of the United States. The first section of the Fourteenth Amendment protected the freedpeople as they tried to build foundations for their livelihood and their rights to participate in free society. The North disagreed that African Americans should not have the right to vote, as did the South. Through the Emancipation Proclamation, the three-fifths clause for counting slaves became null, which in turn boosted representation in the South. Having the South refuse African American votes led them to believe that it would benefit secessionists; the North saw the intentions and decided African American votes would increase Southern representation and squander Northern causes. The second section also determined eligible voters to be male, which frustrated female voters. A few female activists abandoned abolitionists and