Quiz on Norton Introductions1.Was Mary I, who reigned 1553-58, a Protestant or a Catholic?2.In 16thcentury villages across England, who oversaw the production and sale of eggs, cheese, and beer?3.The Vagabond Act of 1572 classified players (actors) as vagabonds, subject to arrest and branding with a V on the forehead. What was the loophole or exception available for players to escape this branding?4.What does “enclosure” refer to in terms of land-use in 16thcentury England?5.Name two of the design features of the Globe Theatre.
General Introduction1.General information 1.Reformation2.Tudor Monarchy, Stuart Monarchy3.Social and Economic Life 4.Class, Gender, and “Race” Hierarchies 5.Culture of Performance, from Theater State to Religious and Popular Drama .
Aspects of Protestantism•1517, Martin Luther nails 95 “theses” on church door in Wittenberg (an act of “publication”)•For . . . the vernacular Bible, individual conscience•Against . . . corruptions of Rome, sale of indulgences, transubstantiation of Eucharist, graven and painted images, Purgatory, many sacraments, most of the authority of church offices (especially RC priests)•“Rage against the dead” in England: Personal familial dissociation from the Catholic past, including loved ones who were Catholic—parents in many cases, grandparents in most cases.
English Reformation•Henry VIII separates from Rome—1533•Dissolution of Monasteries—1536-1540 •Edward VI 1547-1553 (radical Protestant)•Mary 1553-1558 (Radical Catholic—married to King of Spain, known as “Bloody Mary”)•Elizabeth I (moderate Protestant) 1558-1603•James I (Protestant) 1603-1625