Intro To Politics 1000 , 10.docx - Final Exam Review...

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Final Exam Review Definitions Liberal DemocracyAn indirect democratic system of government where individual rights and freedoms arerecognized and protected.The exercise of political power is limited by the rule of law.The Government gets its legitimacy from the people through regular electionsSeparation of powerA principle that divides governmental authority into three branches: legislative(Parliament or Senate), executive (President or Prime Minister and the Cabinet), andjudiciary (Chief Justice and other judges).Fusion of powerFusion of powers exists when the executive and legislative branches of government areintermingled.It's a stricter Separation of powerLaissez faireFrench for “Let (people) do (as they choose).” It describes a system or point of view thatopposes regulation or interference by the government in economic affairs.Neo-Liberal StateNeoliberalism (neoliberalism) refers primarily to the 20th-century resurgence of 19th-century ideas associated with laissez-faire economic liberalism. ... As such, neoliberalism shares many attributes with other contested concepts, including democracy. The definition and usage of the term have changed over time.Welfare stateA system whereby the government undertakes to protect the health and well-being of itscitizens, especially those in financial or social need, by means of grants, pensions, andother benefitsRule of LawThe restriction of the arbitrary exercise of power by subordinating it to well-defined and established laws.ConstitutionA body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or
other organization is acknowledged to be governed.LegislatureA deliberative body of persons, usually elective, who are empowered to make, change, or repeal the laws of a country or state; the branch of government having the power to make laws,

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