AGRO 102 LECTURE NOTES - TOPIC 1-1.docx

AGRO 102 LECTURE NOTES - TOPIC 1-1.docx - AGRO...

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AGRO 102 -PRINCIPLES OF CROP PRODUCTION COURSE OUTLINE TOPIC TOPIC TITLE 1 INTRODUCTION AND DEVELOPMENT OF AGRICULTURE 2 CROP PLANTS IN RELATION TO THEIR ENVIRONMENT 3 SOIL AND CROP PRODUCTION 4 ORIGIN AND CLASSIFICATION OF CROP PLANTS 5 CROP DENSITY, PLANT DISTRIBUTION AND YIELD 6 TILLAGE 7 CROPPING SYSTEMS 8 SOIL FERTILITY AND FERTILIZERS 9 PLANTING AND SOWING 10 WEEDS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT 11 PEST MANAGEMENT 12. DISEASES AND THEIR MANAGEMENT 13. POST-HARVEST TECHNOLOGY 1
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Course OBJECTIVES On completion of the course you will be able to:- 1 Understand the principles and practices that underpin modern crop practice. 2 Exploit understanding in plant science gained from this course in context of different agricultural, practices. 3 Optimize and manipulate crop scheduling, yield and quality in sustainable production. 4 Recognize, implement and exploit best practice from a range of Agricultural sectors. 2
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TOPIC 1 INTRODUCTION 1 TOPIC OUTLINE 1.2 Introduction 1.3 Objectives 1.4. Lecture notes 1.4.1 Introduction 1.4.2 Essential features of crop production 1.5. Summary 1.6 Self Assessment questions 1.7 References 2 INTRODUCTION This is an introductory lecture that will deal with definitions of crops, essential features of crop production and the importance of crop production. 3 OBJECTIVES By the end of this lecture you will be able to: i Define crops ii Identify the essential features of modern crop production iii Explain the role of crop production in agricultural development 3
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4 LECTURE NOTES 1 INTRODUCTION Agriculture is the production of crops through cultivation of the soil and rearing of animals. The term agriculture is derived from two Latin words: – agar (field) and - cultra (cultivation) Agriculture is primarily aimed at the production of food, fiber, and fuel by controlled use of plants and animals. Agriculture includes – crops, livestock, agroforestry, forestry, and fishery. Agriculture operates within a complex set of factors such as – social &economic factors, national, regional and global policies, scientific enquiry, climate, soils etc. Crops are plants that are deliberately domesticated and managed for use by man.
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  • Winter '15
  • crop production

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